Usually, as elevation increases, the weather gets colder and the climate becomes harsher (more intense weathering: windier and colder). There is also less air as elevation increases. As elevation decreases on land that most live on, the climate gets warmer as well as more humid.
What is the relationship between altitude and climate factors?
What is the relationship between altitude and climate quizlet? The altitude affects the climate because the higher the altitude, the cooler and harsher the climate.
What is the relation between altitude and temperature?
Temperature varies with altitude, as follows: In the troposphere, temperature decreases as altitude increases. In the stratosphere, temperature generally increases as altitude increases due to the increasing absorption of ultraviolet radiation by the ozone layer.
Which two climatic factors are mainly affected by altitude?
Temperatures, air pressure and air density decrease with altitude (about 32,9°F to 33,8°F (0,5°C to 1°C) every 100m). Winters are cold and summers are cool and wet. Rainfall is most important according to altitude.
What is the relationship between altitude and climate How does this account for the differences in ecosystems at the base of a mountain and at its peak?
The temperature on mountains becomes colder the higher the altitude gets. Mountains tend to have much wetter climates than the surrounding flat land.
What is the relationship between altitude and climate in the Andes?
What is the relationship between altitude and climate in the Andes? The higher the altitude the cooler the temperature. Also, the oxygen is thin.
What is the relationship between altitude and the density of the atmosphere?
Altitude is height above sea level. The density of air decreases with height. There are two reasons: at higher altitudes, there is less air pushing down from above, and gravity is weaker farther from Earth’s center. So at higher altitudes, air molecules can spread out more, and air density decreases (Figure below).
What is the relationship between altitude and humidity?
On average, moisture availability (both relative humidity and absolute vapor pressure) decreases with elevation, but the seasonal and diurnal variability in relative humidity (RH) is enhanced toward the mountain summit.
What is the relationship between altitude and air pressure?
As altitude rises, air pressure drops. In other words, if the indicated altitude is high, the air pressure is low.
What factors affect the climate?
There are lots of factors that influence our climate
- Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
- Prevailing global wind patterns. …
- Topography. …
- Effects of Geography. …
- Surface of the Earth. …
- Climate change over time.
What are the different factors that affect the climate of a place?
Factors that affect the climate of a place:
- Latitude. …
- Elevation. …
- Ocean Currents. …
- Topography. …
- Vegetation. …
- Prevailing winds.
What is climate and factors affecting it?
Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents.
What is the relation between altitude and climate write in reference to the climate of Nepal?
Nepal’s climate, influenced by elevation as well as by its location in a subtropical latitude, ranges from subtropical monsoon conditions in the Tarai, through a warm temperate climate between 4,000 and 7,000 feet in the mid-mountain region, to cool temperate conditions in the higher parts of mountains between 7,000 …
How does altitude and land topography affect climate?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.
How do mountains affect climate and weather?
Mountains as rain makers and rain takers
The mountains create a barrier to air moving eastward off the Pacific Ocean. When the moist, oceanic air encounters the mountains it begins to rise. The rising air cools as it moves up and over the mountains, and much of its moisture condenses, forming clouds and precipitation.