The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What defines biodiversity?
Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.
What is biodiversity biology example?
Ecosystem biodiversity refers to the variety of ecosystems, by their nature and number, where living species interact with their environment and with each other. For example, on Earth, there are different ecosystems, each with their specificities like deserts, oceans, lakes, plains or forests.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms.
What is biodiversity and explain its types?
Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).
Why is biodiversity important to animals?
1. Wildlife support healthy ecosystems that we rely on. … Ecosystems weakened by the loss of biodiversity are less likely to deliver those services, especially given the needs of an ever-growing human population.
What is biodiversity and importance of biodiversity?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Types of Biodiversity
- Genetic Diversity.
- Species Diversity.
- Ecological Diversity.
What are the main causes of biodiversity?
8 Major Causes of Biodiversity – Explained!
- Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: A habitat is the place where a plant or animal naturally lives. …
- Over-exploitation for Commercialization: …
- Invasive Species: …
- Pollution: …
- Global Climate Change: …
- Population Growth and Over-consumption: …
- Illegal Wildlife Trade: …
- Species extinction:
What are the elements of biodiversity?
Three components of biodiversity are ecosystem, species and genetic diversity. Ecosystems perform functions that are essential to human existence such as oxygen and soil production and water purification.