You asked: Which climatic factors play important role in crop production?

Increased temperature, changed precipitation conditions and increased CO2 content in the atmosphere are the major climatic factors affecting crop production. Rise in atmospheric temperature will lead to loss of soil moisture and will increase the crop demand for water.

What are the climatic factors that affect crop production?

Major Climatic Determinants of Plant Productivity

The rate of growth of roots, stem and leaves depends on the rate of photosynthesis, which in turn depends on light, temperature, moisture and carbon dioxide (CO2), as discussed in detail in the following sections.

What is the role of climate in crop production?

The positive impacts of global warming include the increase in crop productivity due to fertilization effect caused by the increase in carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere, expansion of the areas available for production of tropical and/or subtropical crops, expansion of two-crop farming due to the increased …

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What are the factors responsible for crop production?

The four most important factors that influence crop yield are soil fertility, availability of water, climate, and diseases or pests.

How climatic factors affect agricultural production?

Climatic factors influence all aspects and stages of plant growth and hence affect agricultural productivity and stability of production. Their influence extends from the upper reaches of the atmosphere, in which spores and pollen are encountered, to the soil depth penetrated by the roots.

What is the best climate for growing crops?


Climatic Zone Annual Rainfall (mm) Vegetation
Semi-arid 400-600 Scrubs & bushes, grassland
Sub – humid 600-1200 Bushes to woodland, grassland
Moist sub-humid 1200-1500 Forest and woodland
Humid more than 1500 Tropical rain forest

What is the role of climate and weather in vegetable production?

In the production of seeds of many kinds of vegetables, absence of rain, or relatively light rainfall, and low humidity during ripening, harvesting, and curing of the seeds are very important.

What is the best weather for growing crops?

Cool-season crops can be planted when the soil and air temperatures are at least 40 degrees Fahrenheit. … These crops grow best when the minimum daytime temperature is between 40 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit and can be sown as early as two weeks before the average last spring frost.

What is the most important climatic factor that influences the growth of leguminous plants?

High-Temperature Stress and Its Threshold in Plants

Temperature is a major factor affecting seed yield and quality in legumes (Ruelland and Zachowski, 2010; Christophe et al., 2011). Increases in air temperature, even by one degree above a threshold level, is considered heat stress in plants (Teixeira et al., 2013).

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How does light as a climatic factor affect plants?

Light is a climatic factor that is essential in the production of chlorophyll and in photosynthesis, the process by which plants manufacture food in the form of sugar (carbohydrate).

What is the most important factor of agricultural production?

The main factors of production are natural resources (land, water, soil, rainfall), labour and capital. These are different products produced by farmers, each of which uses inputs to produce outputs.

What are the most important climatic factors?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

How climatic factors affect plants and animals?

Climate change also alters the life cycles of plants and animals. For example, as temperatures get warmer, many plants are starting to grow and bloom earlier in the spring and survive longer into the fall. Some animals are waking from hibernation sooner or migrating at different times, too.