The low-lying southern plains, or the Tarai region, uniquely feature Terai-Duar Savannas and grasslands of WWF’s Global 200 ecoregions, three Ramsar sites and World Heritage sites.
How many ecosystems are there in Nepal?
There are six biomes occurring in Nepal, including as many as 35 forest types and 118 ecosystems which have been classified on the basis of altitudinal, climatic variations and vegetation types. The mountain ecosystem in Nepal comprises a high number of endemic species occurring in subalpine and alpine zones.
What are the ecosystem of Nepal?
According to Nepal’s 4th National Report to the CBD2, Nepal’s major ecosystems include 29% forest area (35 types have been identified), 10.6% shrub land and degraded forest, 12% grassland, 21% farmland, 2.6% water body, 7% uncultivated inclusions, and 17.8% others.
What type of ecosystem is found in hilly region?
Hill region is very rich in biodiversity. Forests of uttis, katus and chilaune are found here. Due to the altitude and topography, different types of plants like sal, simal, peepal, salla, bamboo, etc. are found here.
Why is the ecosystem of Terai region more degraded?
Due to human activities, development, construction and modernization, the ecosystem of Terai region has been adversely affected. The livestock farming such as cattle and goat for milk, meat, manure and other purposes has also been done in Terai region.
How many forest ecosystems are found in Nepal according to the Ministry of Forest and Land Conservation 2014 AD?
A total of 118 ecosystems have been identified in Nepal, including 112 forest ecosystems, four cultivation ecosystems, one water body ecosystem and one glacier/snow/rock ecosystem.
What is the population of Terai region?
Population Growth in Nepal by Region, 1991-2001
What is the Terai region known for?
Economically, the Terai is the most fertile and productive region of Nepal where agriculture dominates. The main agricultural products are rice, jute, sugar, mustard, tobacco, herbs and spices. Most of the agro-based industries are here. In addition, the region is rich in forestry.
What is called Terai?
The Terai or Tarai is a lowland region in northern India and southern Nepal that lies south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Sivalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. This lowland belt is characterised by tall grasslands, scrub savannah, sal forests and clay rich swamps.
How many ecosystem are there in world?
Plants & Animals in the Taiga Biome
The Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, Volume 1 identifies eight major ecosystems: temperate forest, tropical rain forests, deserts, grasslands, the taiga, the tundra, the chaparral and the ocean.
Which ecosystem is not found in Nepal?
Desert ecosystem is not found in Nepal.
What is the difference between ecosystem of Hilly and Terai region?
Compare the ecosystem of the Mountain region with that of the Terai region. The physical topography of mountain region is very sloppy with high rocky mountains. The physical topography of terai region is very plane with fertile land. … This region has hot and humid climate.
How many mammals in Nepal are listed in IUCN Red List?
This landmark publication gives us, for the first time, a comprehensive and detailed understanding of the national conservation status of the 208 species of Nepalese mammals.