For example, modeling studies by Xiouhua Fu and colleagues at the IPRC have revealed that the ocean- atmosphere coupling in the Bay of Bengal is significant in pre- dicting the wet and dry spells during the summer monsoon. Interannual variations in Indian Ocean SST are also becoming important for climate prediction.
What influences the climate of India?
Latitude, attitude, pressure and winds are factors that influence the India’s climate. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country from the Rann of Kuchchh in the west to Mizoram in the east. … These winds originate from the subtropical high-pressure belt of the northern hemisphere.
How does the Himalayas and Indian Ocean affect the climate of India?
The Indian Ocean and the Himalayas play a major role in affecting the monsoon and climate of India. The Himalayas protect India from bitterly cold winds that blow from the north. Thus, India does not experience severe cold during winter. … At the same time, the high-pressure belt is developed over the Indian Ocean.
What is the importance of Indian Ocean for India?
The importance of trade and the sheer scope of its many subregions make the Indian Ocean critical in terms of military and strategic engagement. It is a vital trading hub, connecting the Middle East to Southeast and East Asia, as well as Europe and the Americas.
How is the climate near the sea coast of India?
The territories of the seacoast are neither hot nor cold. India is where 66% of its worldwide limit is monitored by the ocean. … Close to the coast, the temperature drifts around 36 °C (97 °F), and the vicinity of the ocean expands the degree of dampness.
What type of climate prevails in India?
The type of climate that prevails over India is Tropical monsoon type of climate. It is because India lies in the tropical belt and the climate is influenced by the monsoon winds which are confined to the Tropics.
What is the role of Himalayas in Indian climate?
Climate of the Himalayas
By virtue of its location and stupendous height, the Great Himalaya Range obstructs the passage of cold continental air from the north into India in winter and also forces the southwesterly monsoon (rain-bearing) winds to give up most of their moisture before crossing the range northward.
What would be the climate of India if there were no Himalayan ranges?
In winter, it blocks the cold polar air blowing southwards from Central Asia from entering India, thus keeping India 3° to 8°C warmer than the regions of similar cold latitudes in Asia. Had there been no Himalayas, extremely cold and dry winds would have entered India.
What is the role of Himalayas in determining the climate of India during the hot weather season?
(i) The Himalayas form a climatic barrier separating the Indian subcontinent from the rest of Asia. They prevent the cold Siberian winds from entering the Indian region and from India becoming a cold desert. … These winds when strike the mountains bring rainfall to the northern plains.
How has India benefited in Indian Ocean by its central status?
The Deccan peninsula protrudes into the Indian Ocean, thus helping India to establish close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the Western coast and South-East and East Asia from the Eastern coast. No other country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean as India has.
What are advantages to India being situated in middle of Indian Ocean write any two?
1)Indian land mass as a central location between East and West Asia. 2)No other country has long coast line India has. 3)Deccan peninsula protrudes into the Indian ocean thus helping India to establish contacts with East and West Asia.
What are the controls affecting the climate of India?
Complete answer: The six controls that affect the climate of India are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, ocean currents, distance from the sea and relief features.
Why do different parts of India have different climates?
Many factors, such as elevation, ocean currents, distance from the sea, and prevailing winds, can affect the climate of an area. … Latitude affects climate because it is related to the length and intensity of sunlight an area receives.
What do you know about India’s climate?
For the most part, the country has a tropical climate which throughout most of the interior is a mixture of wet and dry tropical weather. … In northern parts there is a humid tropical climate and along the western coast lies wet tropical areas.