Why should we care about marine ecosystems?

The air we breathe: The ocean produces over half of the world’s oxygen and absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere. Climate regulation: Covering 70 percent of the Earth’s surface, the ocean transports heat from the equator to the poles, regulating our climate and weather patterns.

Why is it important to protect marine ecosystems?

Marine protected areas help protect important habitats and representative samples of marine life and can assist in restoring the productivity of the oceans and avoid further degradation. They are also sites for scientific study and can generate income through tourism and sustainable fishing.

How is marine life important to us?

Oceans are an important source of food. They host 80 percent of the planet’s biodiversity, and are the largest ecosystem on Earth. Fish provide 20 percent of animal protein to about 3 billion people. … Oceans regulate our climate.

How does marine life affect humans?

Intensive use of our ocean and runoff from land-based pollution sources are just two of many factors that stress our fragile ecosystems—and increasingly lead to human health concerns. Waterborne infectious diseases, harmful algal bloom toxins, contaminated seafood, and chemical pollutants are other signals.

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How can we protect marine ecosystems?

10 Things You Can Do to Save the Ocean

  1. Mind Your Carbon Footprint and Reduce Energy Consumption. …
  2. Make Safe, Sustainable Seafood Choices. …
  3. Use Fewer Plastic Products. …
  4. Help Take Care of the Beach. …
  5. Don’t Purchase Items That Exploit Marine Life. …
  6. Be an Ocean-Friendly Pet Owner. …
  7. Support Organizations Working to Protect the Ocean.

Why are marine mammals important?

Marine mammals play important ecological roles as both predator (many hunt for fish) and as prey, both for sharks and other, larger marine mammals. Humans have also long hunted marine mammals for food and fur.

Why are coral reefs important?

Coral reefs protect coastlines from storms and erosion, provide jobs for local communities, and offer opportunities for recreation. They are also are a source of food and new medicines. Over half a billion people depend on reefs for food, income, and protection.

Why should we care about ocean acidification?

According to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), ocean acidification has the potential for altering biodiversity, species composition, tourism, fishing industries and the entire food web. Over one billion people around the world depend on food from the ocean as their primary source of protein.

How does marine pollution affect the environment?

The increased concentration of chemicals, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, in the coastal ocean promotes the growth of algal blooms, which can be toxic to wildlife and harmful to humans. The negative effects on health and the environment caused by algal blooms hurt local fishing and tourism industries.

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What will happen to our oceans if we keep polluting?

Climate change is causing the oceans to get hotter, and even small temperature increases are resulting in the ocean’s coral becoming bleached, as we mentioned earlier. A study in Science journal has found that almost every coral reef will be dying by 2100 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced.

What will be the effect if we don’t take care of our ecosystems?

Food shortage as the lands become barren and the oceans become fishless. Loss of biodiversity as whole species of living things disappear due to deforestation. Pollution will eventually become unmanageable and affect our health. Rising temperatures may be too much for all living things on the planet.

How we take good care of the sea?

How can you help our ocean?

  1. Conserve Water. Use less water so excess runoff and wastewater will not flow into the ocean.
  2. Reduce Pollutants. …
  3. Reduce Waste. …
  4. Shop Wisely. …
  5. Reduce Vehicle Pollution. …
  6. Use Less Energy. …
  7. Fish Responsibly. …
  8. Practice Safe Boating.

How can we protect marine mammals?

Follow responsible boating and fishing practices to also help protect marine mammals and other protected species. Dispose of chemicals and waste responsibly to combat water pollution and marine debris. Make wise consumer choices, from the kinds of seafood you eat to the types of whale and dolphin watches you book.