Why is the climate drier on the leeward side of mountain ranges that are subjected to prevailing winds?

Why is the climate drier on the leeward (downwind) side of mountain ranges that are subjected to prevailing winds? Pushed by the prevailing winds on the windward side, air is forced to rise, cool, condense, and drop its precipitation, leaving drier air to descend the leeward side.

Which statement describes how climate might change if Earth was 75 percent land and 25 percent water?

Temperature and moisture. Which statement describes how climate might change if Earth was 75 percent land and 25 percent water? Earth’s daytime temperatures would be higher and nighttime temperatures lower.

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Which of the following is described as precipitation dramatically decreases on the leeward side of the mountains?

The rain shadow effect is where precipitation amounts drop significantly on the leeward side of a mountain.

Which aspects of a region’s climate have the most direct impact on plant communities?

Temperature and moisture are the aspects of a region’s climate that have the most impact on plants and animals.

What is the most likely explanation for the unusual growth of these forests in this marginal habitat?

What is the most likely explanation for the unusual growth of these forests in this marginal habitat? Taproot formation is impossible, so trees developed shallow root beds. Two plant species live in the same biome but on different continents.

What is the main reason that polar regions are cooler than the equator?

Where the solar radiation strikes the Earth’s atmosphere at a much lower angle, as in the polar regions, the incoming solar energy per unit of area is substantially reduced. Moreover, the radiation always falls only on the side of the Earth that is facing towards the sun.

Which type of biome would most likely occur in a climate with mild rainy winters and hot dry summers?

Chaparral biomes are rocky, mountainous terrains or plains that are hot and dry in the summer and mild in the winter. Explore the definition of chaparral biomes, find out where they are located, and discover the indigenous plants and animals.

What kind of precipitation causes dry areas to develop on the leeward sides of mountain ranges?

The rain shadow effect often causes dry areas — and even deserts — to develop on the lee- ward sides of mountain ranges.

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Why is rain shadow area generally dry?

The sudden ascent of warm moist air on the windward sides causes cooling of air, leading to condensation and precipitation. … Consequently, the relative humidity drops and there is evaporation and little or no precipitation in the rain shadow area. Hence, a rain shadow area is generally dry.

Why does precipitation fall mainly on the windward side of a mountain range?

Air temperature falls as you go higher. Mountains and mountain ranges can cast a rain shadow. As winds rise up the windward side of a mountain range, the air cools and precipitation falls.

How does climate affect biome distribution?

Because climate determines plant growth, it also influences the number and variety of other organisms in a terrestrial biome. Biodiversity generally increases from the poles to the equator. It is also usually greater in more humid climates.

How does location influence climate?

The distance from the equator affects the climate of a place. At the poles, energy from the sun reaches the Earth’s surface at lower angles and passes through a thicker layer of atmosphere than at the equator. This means the climate is cooler further from the Equator.

How do geographic factors such as mountains and ocean temperature affect weather and climate?

Topographical features like mountains affect the weather mostly in the way that they direct air currents. For example, air is forced to rise over mountains. Moist air will cool as it rises, and then the clouds release the water, causing precipitation like rain or snow.

What are the characteristics of dry climate?

Deserts and steppes comprise the regions that are characterized by dry climates. These are arid and semiarid areas that have three main characteristics: very low precipitation, high evaporation rates that typically exceed precipitation and wide temperature swings both daily and seasonally.

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How does proximity to oceans affect temperatures and rainfall amounts?

Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds. … Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.

What are the two major subdivisions of the humid tropical climate group?

Two types of climates are differentiated on the basis of seasonal distribution of precipitation. The tropical wet (or rainforest) climate has ample rainfall through 10 or more months of the year. The tropical wet-and-dry (or savanna) climate has a dry season more than 2 months long.