What is the difference between environmental impact assessment and environmental audit?

Environmental impact assessment is an anticipatory tool, that is, it takes place before an action is carried out (ex ante). … Environmental auditing is carried out when a development is already in place, and is used to check on existing practices, assessing the environmental effects of current activities (ex post).

What is EA and EIA?

EIA forms part of the spectrum of environmental assessment (EA) processes. Whilst EIA relates to specific projects, EA is a generic term, which also incorporates strategic environmental assessment (SEA) of policies, plans, and programmes, and other forms of assessment.

What is the role of auditing in EIA?

Environmental auditing is an important tool for providing an account of post-development environmental impact assessment (EIA) activities. In the past much EIA auditing has focused on predictive techniques and prediction accuracy, which provide little information on the actual environmental outcomes.

What EIA means?

U.S. Energy Information Administration – EIA – Independent Statistics and Analysis.

What are the types of EIA?

Classification of EIA:

  • Strategic EIA (SEIA):
  • Regional EIA:
  • Sectoral EIA:
  • Project Level EIA:
  • Life Cycle Assessment:

What is the difference between environmental auditing and monitoring?

In monitoring, data to be checked out are generated in the process itself, while in auditing data are compared with a standard outside the process (Viegas et al., 2011).

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What is an example of environmental impact?

In other words it is the effect that people’s actions have on the environment. … For example, when volatile organic compounds are released into the environment, the effect or impact is pollution in the form of smog, in this case being negative.

Which are the main function of the EIA?

The purpose of the EIA process is to inform decision-makers and the public of the environmental consequences of implementing a proposed project. The EIA document itself is a technical tool that identifies, predicts, and analyzes impacts on the physical environment, as well as social, cultural, and health impacts.

What are the key elements of EIA?

Components of EIA

  • Air Environment. – Determination of impact zone (through a screening model) and developing a monitoring network. …
  • Noise Environment. …
  • Water Environment. …
  • Biological Environment. …
  • Land Environment. …
  • Socio‑economic and Health Environment. …
  • Risk Assessment. …
  • Environment Management Plan.