Which is the hotspot of biodiversity?
They are western ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo-Burma, and Eastern Himalayas. Note that even the biodiversity hotspots cover less than two percent of the world’s total land area, by protecting these regions we can decrease the rate of species extinctions by 30%.
What are hotspots and hotspots in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
Which of the following are two hotspots of biodiversity in India?
In India four hotspots are present namely, Himalayas, Western Ghats, Indo-Burman region and Sundaland which consists of Nicobar group of Islands. So, the correct answer is option “C” that is the Western Ghats are considered a hot-spot of biodiversity in India.
Why is it called biodiversity hotspots?
Biodiversity hot spot is a bio geographical region which contain most diverse living organisms or the natural home for many endengered, or endemic plant as well as animal species. … Hot spot region covers a large area and forests also distributed within a large area so forests are also called as bio diversity hot spots.
What are biodiversity hot spots give one example?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example forests are considered as biodiversity hotspots.
How many hotspots are there in India 2021?
Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.
What is biodiversity hotspot Class 12?
Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.
What is biodiversity hotspot Why is India considered?
An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.
What are the two types of biodiversity?
Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).
How many total hotspots are there in India?
India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Why India is called a mega biodiversity Centre how many hotspot are present in India?
It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. … The region is also heavily influenced by summer monsoons that cause major seasonal changes in vegetation and habitat.