Imaginary lines that run east to west and measure the earth from the equator to the North Pole and to the South Pole in degrees from 0 to 90. They are also called parallels. The most important latitude line is the Equator. Latitude determines climate.
What lines affect climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler. 2.
What is the imaginary line called?
What is the imaginary line called? Imaginary lines, also called meridians, running vertically around the globe. Unlike latitude lines, longitude lines are not parallel. Meridians meet at the poles and are widest apart at the equator. Zero degrees longitude (0) is called the prime meridian.
What does the imaginary line do?
In fact, is used to identify a map properly. As a geographical concept, an imaginary line may serve as an arbitrary division, such as a border. It may also be a standardized marking that serves as a measurement or line of reference, such as a circle of latitude or the Prime Meridian.
What is the imaginary latitude line?
These lines are known as parallels. A circle of latitude is an imaginary ring linking all points sharing a parallel. The Equator is the line of 0 degrees latitude. Each parallel measures one degree north or south of the Equator, with 90 degrees north of the Equator and 90 degrees south of the Equator.
What caused the climate to change?
Since the Industrial Revolution, human activities have released large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which has changed the earth’s climate. … Natural processes, such as changes in the sun’s energy and volcanic eruptions, also affect the earth’s climate.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
What imaginary line is halfway between the north and South Pole?
An equator is an imaginary line around the middle of a planet or other celestial body. It is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole, at 0 degrees latitude. An equator divides the planet into a Northern Hemisphere and a Southern Hemisphere. The Earth is widest at its Equator.
Which imaginary lines are based on the equator?
Lines of latitude, also called parallels, are imaginary lines that divide the Earth. They run east to west, but measure your distance north or south. The equator is the most well known parallel. At 0 degrees latitude, it equally divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
Why are imaginary lines set on a globe or map?
Maps and globes usually have lines on them to help locate places on Earth. These lines are called latitude and longitude lines. These lines are not actually on the planet, but are imaginary lines used to help us find our way around the curved surface of Earth. … Lines of latitude and longitude crisscross to form a grid.
What are imaginary lines in geography?
In general, an imaginary line is usually any sort of geometric line that has only an abstract definition and does not physically exist. In fact, they are used to properly identify places on a map.
Which imaginary line connect the sun with a planet?
The ecliptic is an imaginary line on the sky that marks the annual path of the sun. It is the projection of Earth’s orbit onto the celestial sphere. And it is an essential part of any stargazer’s vocabulary.
What does imaginary mean in geography?
The geographical imagination is a way of thinking about the world and considering the relative importance of places and the relationships between “our” places and “other” places. … Derek Gregory explains that the geographical imagination plays a significant role in shaping much of the world’s social and spatial thought.
What imaginary line marks the northern boundary of the tropics?
The line called the Tropic of Cancer marks the northern boundary of the tropics, and its latitude (distance from the Equator) is 23° 27′ N. The line called the Tropic of Capricorn marks the southern edge of the tropics, and its latitude is 23° 27′ S.
How is the imaginary line known as the Equator useful?
These lines are important, because they help people navigate and measure time. The equator is an imaginary line drawn right around Earth’s middle, like a belt. It divides Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
What is an imaginary line encircling the Earth which is zero degree latitude?
The Equator is a circle of latitude, about 40,075 km (24,901 mi) in circumference, that divides Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. It is an imaginary line located at 0 degrees latitude, halfway between the North and South poles.