Environmental health (EH) is a branch of public health protection that is concerned with all aspects of the natural and built environment that may affect human health. … “Environment” in this context means identifying and addressing how the environment impacts human health.
What does environmental mean in health?
Environmental health refers to aspects of human health (including quality of life) that are determined by physical, chemical, biological, social and psychosocial factors in the environment. … Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing, and is not merely the absence of disease or illness.
What is environment According to who?
The environment is all the physical, chemical and biological factors external to the human host, and all related behaviours, but excluding those natural environments that cannot reasonably be modified.
How does environmental health affect the environment?
Environmental hazards increase the risk of cancer, heart disease, asthma, and many other illnesses. These hazards can be physical, such as pollution, toxic chemicals, and food contaminants, or they can be social, such as dangerous work, poor housing conditions, urban sprawl, and poverty.
Environmental pollutants can cause health problems like respiratory diseases, heart disease, and some types of cancer. People with low incomes are more likely to live in polluted areas and have unsafe drinking water. And children and pregnant women are at higher risk of health problems related to pollution.
How does WHO define environmental health?
Definitions. Environmental health was defined in a 1989 document by the World Health Organization (WHO) as: Those aspects of the human health and disease that are determined by factors in the environment. … It is targeted towards preventing disease and creating health-supportive environments.
Why do you think it is important to be environmentally health?
Clean air, water, plants, and food supplies are essential for our personal health and wellbeing. … Therefore, just as our actions and choices affect the environment, the health of the planet influences our own personal health and wellbeing, as well as our communities, families, and economies.
What full environment means?
Full Definition of environment
1 : the circumstances, objects, or conditions by which one is surrounded. 2a : the complex of physical, chemical, and biotic factors (such as climate, soil, and living things) that act upon an organism or an ecological community and ultimately determine its form and survival.
What are environmental factors that cause ill health?
A number of specific environmental issues can impede human health and wellness. These issues include chemical pollution, air pollution, climate change, disease-causing microbes, lack of access to health care, poor infrastructure, and poor water quality.
What is environmental health and sanitation?
Environmental sanitation: the control of environmental factors that form links in disease transmission. This category includes solid waste management, water and wastewater treatment, industrial waste treatment and noise and pollution control.
In what ways are environmental health and human health connected?
Human health and well-being are intimately linked to the state of the environment. Good quality natural environments provide basic needs, in terms of clean air and water, fertile land for food production, and energy and material inputs for production.