According to Amede et al. (2015) eight agro-ecological zones (cool/humid, cool/subhumid, cool/semiarid, cool/arid, warm/humid, warm/subhumid, warm/semiarid and warm/arid) have been identified in Ethiopia based on the Global 16 Class Classification System.
What is agro-ecological zone of Ethiopia?
In Ethiopia, two classifications are known that include the traditional agroecological zones and the elaborated agro-ecological zones developed by MOA and EIAR. The traditional zones include Bereha, Kolla, Woina Dega, Dega,Wurch and Kur where many kinds of crops are grown in each of these ecological zones.
How many agro-ecological zones are in Ethiopia?
On the other hand, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoARD, 2005) classified the country into 32 major agro-ecological zones and categorized about 51% of the total land area of the country under arid, semi-arid and sub-moist zones and the other half in moist to humid zones.
What is the meaning of agro-ecological zone?
Agro-ecological zones (AEZs) are geographical areas exhibiting similar climatic conditions that determine their ability to support rainfed agriculture.
What type of agriculture is in Ethiopia?
Principal crops include coffee, pulses (e.g., beans), oilseeds, cereals, potatoes, sugarcane, and vegetables. Exports are almost entirely agricultural commodities, and coffee is the largest foreign exchange earner. Ethiopia is also Africa’s second biggest maize producer.
What are agro climatic and agro-ecological zones?
An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. … An agro-ecological zone is the land unit carved out of agro-climatic zone superimposed on landform which acts as modifier to climate and length of growing period.
What are the major factors which are considered for classification of agro-ecological zones?
The essential elements in defining an agro-ecological zone (or cell) are the growing period, temperature regime and soil mapping unit.
- Growing period. …
- Thermal regime. …
- Soil mapping unit. …
- Land resource inventory. …
- Land utilization types and crop adaptability.
What type of climate is in Ethiopia?
As a result of its position and its varied topography, Ethiopia’s climate varies – broadly speaking – from tropical in the north-eastern lowlands and south-eastern lowlands to temperate and cool in the highlands.
What are the major climate controls in Ethiopia?
The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.
What is Woina Dega?
(Amharic, literally “grape zone”; woina— from Greek oinos, wine), the central temperate high belt of the Ethiopian plateau, with elevations of 1,700 or 1,800 m to 2,400 m. The Woina Dega is the most heavily populated belt of the Ethiopian plateau. …
What are the uses of agro-ecological classification?
A particular agro-ecological region represents fairly even agro-climate, soils and terrain conditions and would support a particular farming system with a certain range of crops and farming practices, including forage cultivation and livestock farming.
How are agro-climatic zones determined?
Determining agro-climatic zones (ACZs) is traditionally made by cross-comparing meteorological elements such as air temperature, rainfall, and water deficit (DEF).
What is industrial sector in Ethiopia?
The industrial sector in Ethiopia has been characterized by a low level of development, even by the standards of many least developed countries. It accounts for 11% of the GDP, 9.5% of total employment and 21.2% of export earnings.
How much of Ethiopia’s economy is agriculture?
Ethiopia’s economy is dependent on agriculture, which accounts for 40 percent of the GDP, 80 percent of exports, and an estimated 75 percent of the country’s workforce. However, just five percent of land is irrigated and crop yields from small farms are below regional averages.