Biodiversity refers to the variety of living species that can be found in a particular place. Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest.
Which ecosystem has the most biodiversity and how can you tell?
Currently we have identified only 1.7 million species, so we have a long way to go before we can come close to figuring out exactly how many species are on Earth. 3. There is more biodiversity within tropical ecosystems than temperate or boreal ecosystems. In fact, tropical rain forests have the most diversity.
What makes an ecosystem have high biodiversity?
High biodiversity means that a region supports a wide variety of species, while low biodiversity implies that an area supports only a few. The reasons for variances in biodiversity are complex, but they include both natural and man-made causes.
Where has the most biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which species has most diversity?
Among animals, insects are the most rich in species diversity, making up more than 70% of the total.
Which biomes and ecosystems typically have the highest biodiversity?
Tropical forests have the highest biodiversity and primary productivity of any of the terrestrial biomes.
Why is the most biodiversity found near the equator?
There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.
Why is biodiversity important?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What is the ecosystem diversity?
Ecosystem Diversity can be defined as the variety of different habitats, communities and ecological processes. A biological community is defined by the species that occupy a particular area and the interactions between those species.
What animal is the most genetically diverse?
The tiny water flea Daphnia has the most genes of any animal, some 31,000. Scientists have discovered that the animal with the most genes–about 31,000–is the near-microscopic freshwater crustacean Daphnia pulex, or water flea. By comparison, humans have about 23,000 genes.