Question: What are biodiversity hotspots?

What is biodiversity hotspot explain?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.

What is biodiversity hotspot example?

Biodiversity hotspots are regions that are both biologically fertile (rich distribution of plants and animals) and highly threatened. … Examples of biodiversity hotspots are forest habitats as they constantly face destruction and degradation due to illegal logging, pollution and deforestation.

Where are biodiversity hotspot?

The California Coast

This hotspot stretches from the northern point of Baja California, up the entire California coast, and gets wider as it moves north, including a bit of southeast Oregon. Beloved tree species include the giant sequoia and the redwood.

What are the 3 biodiversity hotspots?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

What is a hotspot?

Mobile WiFi hotspots

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Did you know that you can use your iPhone or many Android smartphones as a WiFi hotspot? By turning on this feature, your phone uses its cellular data to create a WiFi hotspot. You can then connect a computer or other device to this hotspot to access the internet.

What are biodiversity hotspots 10?

The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.

What are biodiversity hotspots in India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

What are some examples of biodiversity?

Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.

What are examples of hotspots?

Examples include the Hawaii, Iceland, and Yellowstone hotspots. A hotspot’s position on the Earth’s surface is independent of tectonic plate boundaries, and so hotspots may create a chain of volcanoes as the plates move above them.

What is biodiversity hotspot Class 12?

Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.

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How many biodiversity hotspots are there?

There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on our planet, and these areas are dazzling, unique, and full of life. Plants, animals, and other living organisms that populate these places are rare and many of them are only found in these specific geographic areas.