How is Nepal climate influenced by land topography?

This means Nepal has varied climate and vegetation as its landform conditions. Nepal’s climate is highly influenced by monsoon. The Terai Region is leveled alluvial plain. … Agriculture is possible on the terraces of the hills slopes of the central belt of Nepal due to adequate monsoon rain it receives n summer.

How is the topography of Nepal?

Nepal has a very diverse environment resulting from its impressive topography. This is the northern part of Indo-Gangetic plain. The Terai extends nearly 800 km from east to west and about 30-40 km from north to south. The average elevation is below 750 m, including Terai region, Bhavar Terai and Inner Terai.

What factors affect climate of Nepal?

Nepal’s climate, influenced by elevation as well as by its location in a subtropical latitude, ranges from subtropical monsoon conditions in the Tarai, through a warm temperate climate between 4,000 and 7,000 feet in the mid-mountain region, to cool temperate conditions in the higher parts of mountains between 7,000 …

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What is the relation between the natural vegetation and climate situation in Nepal?

The natural vegetation of Nepal follows the pattern of climate and altitude. A tropical, moist zone of deciduous vegetation occurs in the Tarai and the Churia Range.

How was the land feature of Nepal formed?

It is the another range formed by the natural process of the earth surface. After a thousand years, slowly the hills and plateaus turn into a plain land and sea also started to fill by the some debris at the end of Pleistocene period which converts into plain terai. This is how the single country Nepal was formed.

What is the climate of hilly region of Nepal?

Which type of Climate are there in hilly region? The climate is moderate in hilly region. It is hot in summer and cold in winter. Plenty of rainfall takes place in monsoon season.

What would be the climatic conditions in Nepal if there were mountains and hills in the south and plain in the north?

If the southern part would be in northern part, it would be the place having the least rain fall. The Terai would see less rainfall and will remain as dry valley. If the mountain range spreads north to south from the mid mountainous, it would be less rainfall in the both north and south.

What are the factors that affect the climate?

3.1 Factors affecting climate

  • distance from the sea.
  • ocean currents.
  • direction of prevailing winds.
  • shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
  • distance from the equator.
  • the El Niño phenomenon.
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What are the factors affecting the climate explain?

The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation, and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?


  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

What is Nepal climate?

The climate in Nepal varies from subtropical in the lowlands to a cold high-altitude climate in the mountains. The country experiences 5 different seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. During winter, the Himalayas block the cold air, causing it to be quite warm south of the Himalayas.

What is the influence of climate on different types of natural vegetation?

Earlier leaf production by trees. Earlier greening of vegetation. Changed timing of egg-laying and hatching. Changes in migration patterns of birds, fish and other animals.

What is relationship between climate and vegetation?

Climate is the major determinant of vegetation. Plants in turn exert some degree of influence on climate. Both climate and vegetation profoundly affect soil development and the animals that live in an area.