The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. … Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture. One side of mountain can be dry while the other side is full of vegetation. Mountains can cause a physical barrier to rain clouds.
How does topography affect climate quizlet?
Differing topography may influence other climate factors to create a wet or dry, cool or warm climate. Before an air mass goes over a mountain, it will cool down and release its moisture. … When prevailing winds blow over land areas it can contribute to creating desert climates.
Is the topography factor of climate change?
The Topography of an area can greatly influence our climate. Mountain ranges are natural barriers to air movement. … On the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada, sinking air warms from compression, clouds evaporate, and dry conditions prevail.
How does topography affect climate at continental and local scales?
Land: Climate and Temperature. The topography of an area also helps determine the climate. This is because of ocean currents that carry masses of warm or cool air to coastal locations. … Areas near oceans and large lakes have smaller temperature ranges than landlocked, or continental, areas.
Does climate include topography?
All climates are the product of many factors, including latitude, elevation, topography, distance from the ocean, and location on a continent.
What is the role of topography?
Objectives. An objective of topography is to determine the position of any feature or more generally any point in terms of both a horizontal coordinate system such as latitude, longitude, and altitude. Identifying (naming) features, and recognizing typical landform patterns are also part of the field.
Which topographical feature affects the climate of an area quizlet?
Topographic features such as mountains play an important role in the amount of precipitation that falls over an area. Large bodies of water such as lakes and oceans have an important effect on the temperature of an area. Global winds are another factor that influences climate because they distribute heat and moisture.