How does the sun’s energy affect the climate of an area?
The Earth’s climate system depends entirely on the Sun for its energy. Solar radiation warms the atmosphere and is fundamental to atmospheric composition, while the distribution of solar heating across the planet produces global wind patterns and contributes to the formation of clouds, storms, and rainfall.
How does the sun affect climate quizlet?
Both the sun (solar) and volcanic eruptions influence Earth’s climate. At a solar maximum (peak amount of sunspots, prominences and flares) the sun emits an increased amount of ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV radiation produces more ozone which warms the stratosphere.
How does the sun’s energy affect Earth’s atmosphere quizlet?
The sun’s energy moves through space, then through the earth’s atmosphere and finally reaches the earth’s surface. … The sun’s radiation warms the earth’s atmosphere and surface and becomes heat energy.
Which topographical feature affects the climate of an area quizlet?
Topographic features such as mountains play an important role in the amount of precipitation that falls over an area. Large bodies of water such as lakes and oceans have an important effect on the temperature of an area. Global winds are another factor that influences climate because they distribute heat and moisture.
How does sunlight affect the weather of a place Class 7?
Ans: Sun is the primary source of energy that causes changes in the weather because sun is a huge sphere of hot gases at a very high temperature. … Energy absorbed and reflected by the earth’s surface, oceans and the atmosphere play important roles in determining the weather at any place.
How do changes in the Sun affect Earth’s climate?
The rate of energy coming from the Sun changes slightly day to day. … It has been suggested that changes in solar output might affect our climate—both directly, by changing the rate of solar heating of the Earth and atmosphere, and indirectly, by changing cloud forming processes.
How does the way the sun heats the earth affect Earth’s weather quizlet?
how does the way the sun heats the earth affect earth’s weather? the sun’s radiation unevenly heats earth’s surfaces, which then unevenly heat the air above them by conduction. this warm air rises and is replaced with cooler, denser air by convection, setting up the formation of air currents.
Why does latitude strongly affect climate?
Latitude strongly affects climate because the amount of solar energy an area of the Earth receives depends on its latitude. … high latitudes- Closer to the poles, the sun is lower in the sky, reducing the amount of energy arriving at the surface = lower temperatures.
Why do areas near the equator generally radiate more energy back into the atmosphere than areas near the poles quizlet?
unequal radiation on a sphere: more solar radiation on a unit area of earths surface near the equator than at the poles because of the more direct angle of incoming solar radiation. At poles it is spread over a large area but at the equator over a small area so equator will be hotter than the poles.
How does Sun’s energy affect Earth’s atmosphere?
The Sun warms our planet – the surface, the atmosphere and bodies of water. … The Sun warms our planet, heating the surface, the oceans and the atmosphere. This energy to the atmosphere is one of the primary drivers our weather. Our climate is also strongly affected by the amount of solar radiation received at Earth.
How does heat energy from the sun reach the Earth quizlet?
The energy from the sun travels to Earth through electromagnetic waves. … Radiation is the direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves.
How the sun’s energy affects the Earth’s surface?
The absorbed sunlight drives photosynthesis, fuels evaporation, melts snow and ice, and warms the Earth system. Solar power drives Earth’s climate. Energy from the Sun heats the surface, warms the atmosphere, and powers the ocean currents. … This coupled atmosphere and ocean circulation is known as Earth’s heat engine.
How does topographical features affect climate?
Topographical features like mountains affect the weather mostly in the way that they direct air currents. For example, air is forced to rise over mountains. … This is why one side of a mountain range – the side nearest the ocean – often gets more rain.
How does topography affect the climate of a region?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. … Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture. One side of mountain can be dry while the other side is full of vegetation. Mountains can cause a physical barrier to rain clouds.
What are some factors that affect climate quizlet?
what are the five factors that affect climate? latitude,temperature,precipitation,topography,and elevation.