How does geographic diversity affect the climate and vegetation?

Terrestrial biosphere and climate affect each other. … Plants need sunlight and rain, the vegetation in turn changes heat fluxes between soil and atmosphere as well as evaporation and water storage in the soil.

How does geography affect the climate?

Topographical features like mountains affect the weather mostly in the way that they direct air currents. For example, air is forced to rise over mountains. Moist air will cool as it rises, and then the clouds release the water, causing precipitation like rain or snow.

How does climate and vegetation affect each other?

Climate is the major determinant of vegetation. Plants in turn exert some degree of influence on climate. Both climate and vegetation profoundly affect soil development and the animals that live in an area.

How do changes in temperature and moisture affect vegetation?

Plants also help keep our climate stable over time by offsetting temperature and moisture fluctuations through transpiration. Plants also use carbon dioxide during photosynthesis, which slightly offsets the amount of greenhouse gas being released in the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels.

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How is vegetation related to climate?

Vegetation can affect climate and weather patterns due to the release of water vapor during photosynthesis. The release of vapor into the air alters the surface energy fluxes and leads to potential cloud formation.

What are the major factors of climate that affect vegetation pattern?

Precipitation and temperature are the dominant climatic factors affecting vegetation growth [11,19]. Therefore, we focused on these two climate factors.

How does vegetation affect agriculture?

Better management of vegetation can benefit farm and forestry productivity, rural communities and the environment and may help reduce the impacts of greenhouse gases. … It also provides many ecosystem services such as clean water and flood mitigation.

How does climate change affect plants and crops?

Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.

What is the relationship between climate and biodiversity?

The link between climate change and biodiversity has long been established. Although throughout Earth’s history the climate has always changed with ecosystems and species coming and going, rapid climate change affects ecosystems and species ability to adapt and so biodiversity loss increases.

Does geography include climate?

Physical geography is the study of Earth’s seasons, climate, atmosphere, soil, streams, landforms, and oceans.

How do climate and geography vary throughout the state?

The climate of California varies widely from hot desert to alpine tundra, depending on latitude, elevation, and proximity to the coast. California’s coastal regions, the Sierra Nevada foothills, and much of the Central Valley have a Mediterranean climate, with warmer, drier weather in summer and cooler, wetter weather …

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Is geography a climate?

Physical geography looks at the natural processes of the Earth, such as climate and plate tectonics. … However, it is important to remember that all areas of geography are interconnected: for example, the way human CO2 emissions affect the climate is part of both physical and human geography.