Rainforests, like all forms of vegetation, affect the “surface albedo” or reflectivity of a surface by absorbing more heat than bare soil. In turn, this warm carries moisture from forest trees into to atmosphere, where it condenses as rain. In other words, tropical forests cool local climate and help generate rainfall.
How does forest influence the climate?
Forests influence climate change largely by affecting the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. When forests grow, carbon is removed from the atmosphere and absorbed in wood, leaves and soil. … This carbon remains stored in the forest ecosystem, but can be released into the atmosphere when forests are burned.
How does vegetation affect the climate?
Vegetation can affect climate and weather by the release of water vapor into the air during photosynthesis. The vapor alters surface energy flows and potentially leads to cloud formation. … The researchers found that substantial vegetation-precipitation feedback loops often occur in semi-arid or monsoonal regions.
The growth of natural vegetation depends upon climatic conditions existing in the place. For example, evergreen forests grow in the regions which experience heavy rainfall. … Similarly, at higher altitudes, where the climate is extremely cold, lichens and mosses grow.
How does vegetation help the environment?
Vegetation helps to slow water movement, reducing soil erosion, which leads to less pollutants getting into our waterways. … Well-established vegetation slows water movement across the soil surface, which both reduces erosion and allows for more of the water to soak in.
How do forests enhance the quality of environment?
Forest improves the environment in many ways such as: Relative humidity of air is increased. increase fertility of surface soil. These add large quantities of organic matter in soil by which water and nutrient holding capacity of soil is increased.
How does vegetation influence South African climate?
The vegetation growth over these regions may be due to increasing carbon dioxide sequestered by the vegetation (e.g. tropical forest) which enhances their growth. It could also be because of the likely increase in summer rainfall over east coasts of South Africa (Mackellar et al., 2014).