How does altitude affect the climate of places on the equator?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. Distance from the sea – Oceans heat up and cool down much more slowly than land.
How does the elevation affect climate in the polar regions?
The high elevation and high albedo of the East Antarctic Plateau limits heating so much that in this region there is little difference between summer and winter temperatures.
What influences the polar climate?
Sunlight is not the only thing that affects the temperature in the polar regions. The South Pole is much colder than the North Pole even though they both get the same amount of sunlight. The Arctic is warmer because it’s mostly ocean. … This is why the northern polar regions are warmer than the southern polar regions.
How does altitude affect temperature?
As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands), and the temperature decreases. … The temperature in the troposphere — the lowest layer of the earth’s atmosphere — generally decreases with altitude.
How does altitude control climate?
Air pressure and air temperature decreases with altitude. The closer molecules are packed together, the more likely they are to collide. Collisions between molecules give off heat, which warms the air. At higher altitudes, the air is less dense and air molecules are more spread out and less likely to collide.
How do mountains impact climate?
Mountains as rain makers and rain takers
The mountains create a barrier to air moving eastward off the Pacific Ocean. When the moist, oceanic air encounters the mountains it begins to rise. The rising air cools as it moves up and over the mountains, and much of its moisture condenses, forming clouds and precipitation.
How does altitude affect the climate of India?
Altitude: As we move from the surface of the earth to the higher altitudes, the temperature decreases. … Thus, it influences the temperature accordingly. Distance from the sea: Coastal regions are cooler as compared to interior regions.
What climate is at the equator?
Even during the rest of the year, equatorial regions often experience a hot climate with little seasonal variation. As a result, many equatorial cultures recognize two seasons—wet and dry. The wet, or rainy, season often lasts most of the year.
How does high albedo affect polar climate temperatures?
Ice- and snow-covered areas have high albedo, and an ice-covered Arctic reflects solar radiation which otherwise would be absorbed by the oceans and cause the Earth’s surface to heat up. … Moreover, when more ice and snow melt, there will be more dark surfaces. This is therefore a self-reinforcing effect.
What is the climate in polar regions?
A polar climate consists of cool summers and very cold winters, which results in treeless tundra, glaciers, or a permanent or semi-permanent layer of ice.
How does altitude affect temperature in different latitudes?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude.
What makes the polar region an extreme environment?
Polar regions are characterized by extremely cold temperatures, heavy glaciation wherever there is sufficient precipitation to form permanent ice, and extreme variations in daylight hours, with twenty-four hours of daylight in summer, and complete darkness at mid-winter.
How does altitude affect air?
As altitude rises, air pressure drops. In other words, if the indicated altitude is high, the air pressure is low. … As altitude increases, the amount of gas molecules in the air decreases—the air becomes less dense than air nearer to sea level.
How does the altitude influence the rainfall?
Elevation affects precipitation significantly, especially in a mountain environment. On the windward side of a mountain, precipitation is increased. As air parcel rises due to increasing elevation on the windward side of the mountain, the air parcel cools, condenses, and it rains.
How does the sun’s altitude affect temperature?
At higher latitudes, the angle of solar radiation is smaller, causing energy to be spread over a larger area of the surface and cooler temperatures.