Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.
How does latitude affect the climate of a city?
Latitude and Temperature
Temperature changes with latitude (Figure below). At the equator, the Sun’s rays are most direct. … At higher latitudes, the Sun’s rays are less direct. The farther an area is from the equator, the lower its temperature.
How does latitude affect a city?
Summary. Latitude affects the amount of solar radiation a place receives. The amount of solar radiation a place receives is greatest at the Equator and lessens toward the poles. Latitude is not the only factor that determines the temperature of a region.
How does the latitude of an area affect the controls of weather and climate?
Latitude is a fundamental control on every climate. It affects temperature by influencing the seasonal range in solar intensity. It influences precipitation in as much as evaporation is temperature dependent.
What are the effects of latitude?
Latitude affects the amount of solar radiation a place receives. The amount of solar radiation a place receives is greatest at the Equator and lessens toward the poles. Latitude is not the only factor that determines the temperature of a region.
Why is latitude important to climate?
Many factors influence the climate of a region. The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. … Sunlight filters through a thick wedge of atmosphere, making the sunlight much less intense.
How does longitude affect climate?
Latitude and longitude make up the grid system that helps humans identify absolute, or exact, locations on the Earth’s surface. There is a relationship between latitude and temperature around the world, as temperatures are typically warmer approaching the Equator and cooler approaching the Poles.
How does latitude affect the climate of a place explain with the help of a diagram?
Explanation: Latitude affects the temperature of a place. The places situated at higher altitudes which are far from equator receive less sunlight and places which are located towards the equator which is a 00 latitude receives more sunlight and are hotter than the places located at higher latitudes.
How does latitude affect the seasons?
The Poles and the Equator have essentially constant temperatures, affected only by day/night cycles. Between them (the latitudes), the angle of the sun throughout the year changes enough to create major cyclic variations in the day/night cycle temperatures that we call our seasons.
What affects the climate of an area?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.
What factors are affecting climate?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
What factors control your local climate?
Factors that Control Regional Climate: Circulation in the Atmosphere
- The shape, tilt, and orbit of Earth. Earth’s energy imbalance. …
- circulation : movement or flow within a system; the large-scale movement of air or ocean currents. easterlies : winds that blow from the east; trade winds.
How does latitude affect the heating of the atmosphere?
Temperature is inversely related to latitude. As latitude increases, the temperature falls, and vice versa. Generally, around the world, it gets warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles.
How does latitude affect sunlight?
When the sun’s rays strike Earth’s surface near the equator, the incoming solar radiation is more direct (nearly perpendicular or closer to a 90˚ angle). … At higher latitudes, the angle of solar radiation is smaller, causing energy to be spread over a larger area of the surface and cooler temperatures.
How does latitude affect rainfall?
To simplify, precipitation decreases as latitude increases toward the poles (since how much precipitation air can hold depends largely on its temperature, and depending on the seasons higher latitudes are typically colder).