The countries located closer to the Equator have an Equatorial type of climate or Tropical rainforest climate. The Equatorial climate is usually hot, very humid, and wet. The atmospheric pressure is low in an equatorial climate. Due to the Intertropical Convergence Zone, equatorial regions get heavy rainfall.
What climate is closest to the equator?
Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year. Rain forests grow in tropical climates.
What happens to climate as you get closer to the equator?
Areas closer to the equator have warmer air than areas farther away because the sun’s rays strike Earth’s surface at a greater angle near the equator.
Which two climates occur on and around the equator?
Which two climates occur on and around the equator? Tropical wet and dry climates sit just outside the ITCZ, near the Equator. They have three seasons. One season is cool and dry—when the warm, moist ITCZ is in the opposite hemisphere.
Is equator near the hottest?
A beam of sunlight falling on the equator has a much more intense effect than the glancing rays spread over a much larger area of the curving surface near the poles. Therefore, it is hotter at the equator than at the North Pole because the sun’s heat is concentrated directly overhead at the equator.
What is the hottest place on Earth?
Death Valley, California, USA
The aptly named Furnace Creek currently holds the record for hottest air temperature ever recorded. The desert valley reached highs of 56.7C in the summer of 1913, which would apparently push the limits of human survival.
Is the equator hot or cold?
Places near Earth’s equator (like Ecuador and Singapore) are warm, while places near the poles (like Antarctica and Greenland) are cold. Why is this true? At the equator, the Sun’s light hits Earth nearly straight on (at a steep angle). If you were at the equator at noon, the Sun would be close to directly overhead.
What are the 4 types of climates?
What Are the Different Climate Types?
What does ITCZ stand for?
The Intertropical Convergence Zone, or ITCZ, is the region that circles the Earth, near the equator, where the trade winds of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres come together.
What are the 6 types of climates?
There are six main climate regions: tropical rainy, dry, temperate marine, temperate continental, polar, and highlands. The tropics have two types of rainy climates: tropical wet and tropical wet-and- dry.
Is the sun closer to the equator?
Due to the tilt of the Earth, the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. There is less atmosphere to pass through at the Equator compared to the poles.
Why is it hot and wet at the equator?
The air above the Equator is very hot and rises, creating an area of low pressure. The Equator experiences high amounts of rainfall due to this rising air resulting in a warm and wet equatorial climate (eg the Amazon and Congo tropical rainforests). … This is because sinking air does not result in precipitation.
What if the equator was cold?
Cold air = more density; hence the point where tropopause comes is Much earlier at poles than the Equator. Therefore you would expect a tropopause at 50k ft for equator with temperature around -75 C, while it might be around 36k ft at the poles and the temperature be around -50 C here. Hope this helps.