Countries on, or near, the equator have high temperatures all year round due to the tilt of the Earth’s axis. The average temperature in these countries is around 31 degrees Celsius. Because there are landmasses that the equator passes through, you can stand on the equator! … The water in the air cools the temperature.
How does the equator affect climate for kids?
Places near the Equator receive lots of strong sunlight throughout the year. This gives them a hot climate year-round. Places far from the Equator get less strong sunlight, and so they are cooler. Oceans also affect climate.
How does the equator affect the climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. In areas closer to the poles, sunlight has a larger area of atmosphere to pass through and the sun is at a lower angle in the sky.
How do you explain the equator to a child?
An equator is an imaginary line around the middle of a planet or other celestial body. It is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole, at 0 degrees latitude. An equator divides the planet into a Northern Hemisphere and a Southern Hemisphere.
What is the equator for ks1?
The Earth’s Equator is the imaginary line that runs around the centre of the globe at 0 degrees latitude, at equal distance between the North and South Poles. Like the other lines of latitude, it’s based on the Earth’s axis of rotation and its orbit around the sun.
What happens at the equator?
If you live on the equator you will experience the quickest rates of sunrise and sunset in the world, taking a matter of minutes. These places also have a constant twelve hours of day and night throughout the year, while north or south of the equator day length increasingly varies with the seasons.
What is climate change kids?
Climate change refers to the long-term changes in global temperatures and other characteristics of the atmosphere. Climate has changed throughout Earth’s long history, but this time it’s different. Human activity is causing worldwide temperatures to rise higher and faster than any time we know of in the past.
How does the distance from equator affect the climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
Why is it hotter near the equator kids?
Due to the tilt of the Earth, the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. There is less atmosphere to pass through at the Equator compared to the poles.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
Why is the equator important?
The equator is important as a reference point for navigation and geography. It’s an imaginary line that divides the Earth into two equal halves, and it forms the halfway point between the South Pole and the North Pole at 0 degrees latitude, according to National Geographic.
Why is the climate colder the further you get from the equator?
The sun shines directly at the equator, heating the atmosphere there and causing temperatures at the equator to be very warm. The further a location is from the equator, the less sunlight that location receives to heat the atmosphere and thus, the temperature is colder.
What is Earth’s Equator?
The Equator is an imaginary line around the middle of the Earth. It is halfway between the North and South Poles, and divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. 4 – 12+ Earth Science, Meteorology, Geography, Physical Geography.
What is the equator BBC Bitesize?
The Equator is at the centre of the lines of latitude and is at 0° latitude. Anything lying south of the Equator is in the Southern Hemisphere and is labelled °S. Anything lying north of the Equator is in the Northern Hemisphere and is labelled °N. The North Pole is 90° N and the South Pole is 90° S.
What is a continent for ks1?
Continents are very, very large areas of land. There are seven continents in the world. Asia is the largest continent, and Africa is the second largest. The smallest continent by land area, Oceania is made up of the landmasses of Australia, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand and lots of other islands.