Up until about 600 million years ago, life consisted of single-celled organisms. The history of biodiversity during the Phanerozoic era (the past 540 million years) begins with the rapid growth of the Cambrian explosion — the period in which most phyla of multicellular organisms appeared.
How the origin of biodiversity started?
Charles Darwin  identified the first principle of the origin of modern biodiversity, namely that all species were linked in a single great phylogeny, or tree of life, and that all could be traced back to a presumed single original species at some distant time in the geological past.
What is history of biodiversity?
History. Biodiversity is the result of 3.5 billion years of evolution. The origin of life has not been established by science, however, some evidence suggests that life may already have been well-established only a few hundred million years after the formation of the Earth.
Who first introduced biodiversity?
At the ecosystem level, India is also very well-endowed with 10 distinct biogeographic zones. In 1985, Walter G. Rosen first coined the term ‘Biodiversity’. It is a compound word of the longer form ‘Biological diversity’ which was coined by Lovejoy in 1980 to denote the number of species present in a group.
What is the original source of all biological diversity?
Genetic diversity in a population comes from two main sources: mutation and sexual reproduction. Mutation, a permanent change in DNA sequence is the ultimate source of new genetic variation in any population. An individual that has a mutated gene might have a different trait than other individuals in the population.
What is the first reason to preserve biodiversity?
Healthy ecosystems clean our water, purify our air, maintain our soil, regulate the climate, recycle nutrients and provide us with food. They provide raw materials and resources for medicines and other purposes. They are at the foundation of all civilisation and sustain our economies.
When did biodiversity loss start?
Global Biodiversity Crisis
In the mid-1980s, the planet’s “biodiversity crisis” burst forth as a critical conservation issue at the National Forum on Biodiversity, organized in Washington, D.C., by the National Research Council and spearheaded by Harvard University biologist Edward O. Wilson.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms.
Who popularized the term biodiversity?
The term Biodiversity was given by W.G. Rosen. But this term was popularized by Edward Wilson. He defined biodiversity for different levels of the organization like; Genetic variation, Species variation, and ecological variations.
When did the concept of biodiversity first emerge and why?
The word biodiversity is a contraction of the phrase “biological diversity” and was first coined in 1985 by Walter Rosen of the National Research Council as a title word in a seminar he was organizing to discuss biological diversity.
Which country has the highest biodiversity?
Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home.