Does the marine biome have high biodiversity or low biodiversity?

The intertidal zone has high biodiversity. However, it is not the marine biome with the highest biodiversity. That distinction goes to estuaries and coral reefs. They have the highest biodiversity of all marine biomes.

Does the ocean have a high or low biodiversity?

Ecosystems based upon water can either be highly diverse or have a very low biodiversity. The ecosystems that are marine, or made up of saltwater, include coral reefs and the intertidal zone, which are both highly diverse, as well as the open ocean, which has a fairly low biodiversity.

Why is marine biodiversity so high?

` The marine environment has a very high biodiversity because 32 out of the 33 described animal phyla are represented in there. … Biodiversity includes four main components: Genetic diversity refers to the genetic variation that occurs among members of the same species.

Do marine ecosystems support a high or low diversity of life?

Most of the major groups that exist on Earth are found exclusively in the ocean, and the diversity of major groups of organisms is much greater in the ocean than on land.

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What is biodiversity Where is biodiversity highest?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

What is biodiversity in marine ecosystems?

Marine biodiversity is an aggregation of highly inter-connected ecosystem components or features, encompassing all levels of biological organization from genes, species, populations to ecosystems, with the diversity of each level having structural and functional attributes (Table 1).

Where is most marine biodiversity found?

A new study finds that sea surface temperature, as well as the size and variety of habitats are the main factors responsible for the proliferation of marine life in the Coral Triangle – the most biologically diverse marine region in the world.

Why is high biodiversity advantageous over low biodiversity?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

What is an example of an ecosystem that has low biodiversity?

Example of ecosystem with low biodiversity is definitely a desert. Then there are cold deserts in Antarctica and Gobi basin of central Asia, where biodiversity is minimum.

What are examples of marine biodiversity?

For example, macroalgae, seagrass and corals form large undersea forests, meadows or reefs that provide habitats for many other species such as molluscs, crustaceans and fish.

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What does high biodiversity imply?

Biodiversity refers to the variety of life. When biodiversity is high, it means there are many different types of organisms and species. … And every organism plays a unique role and contributes to how coral reef communities survive and function.

Why does biodiversity in the oceans matter?

Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation. …

Do rivers have high biodiversity?

River systems are the zone of Earth’s highest biological diversity – and also of our most intense human activity. They reduce water and sediment flows to downstream habitat, and change the nature of a river’s estuary, where many of the world’s fish species spawn. …

What causes low biodiversity?

Biodiversity loss is caused by five primary drivers: habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation (extreme hunting and fishing pressure), pollution, climate change associated with global warming. In each case, human beings and their activities play direct roles.

Which of the following has the most biodiversity?

Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.