Best answer: Why India is considered as mega biodiversity country?

India is known for its rich heritage of biological diversity, having already documented more than 91,000 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its 10 biogeographical regions. Almost 6,500 native plants are still widely used in indigenous health care systems.

Why is India called a mega biodiversity country?

The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.

How is India one of the mega biodiversity countries of the world?

India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.

What is mega biodiversity country?

The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species. Conservation International identified 17 megadiverse countries in 1998. Many of them are located in, or partially in, tropical or subtropical regions.

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What is mega biodiversity countries?

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …

What is the rank of India in biodiversity?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

What is the status of India’s biodiversity in comparison with the world?

India is one of the world’s ‘mega diversity’ countries. It is ranked ninth in the world in terms of higher plant species richness. At the ecosystem level, India is also well-endowed, with ten distinct biogeographic zones.

Why is our country a mega diverse terms of biodiversity?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.