Best answer: What is impact of monsoon climate of India on Indian agriculture?

Monsoon is one of the most important seasons for farmers for a country so dependent on its agro-industry. Most of the Indian agricultural land is irrigated by the southwest monsoon. Crops such as wheat, rice, pulses, which are a staple in Indian diets, need heavy rainfalls to grow.

What is the impact of monsoon climate on Indian agriculture?

With around 55% of India’s arable land dependent on precipitation, the amount of rainfall during the current monsoon season could sway economic activity in the agriculture sector and industries linked to it. The shift in monsoon may entail grave consequences for India’s economy, food systems and people’s well-being.

What is impact of monsoon climate of India on Indian agriculture class 9?

Answer: Over half of India’s population works in agriculture, and monsoon rains directly affect their incomes and livelihood. Agriculture adds up to more than 15% of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which means that when crops fail because of too little rain, the economy suffers.

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What impact do monsoons have on agriculture?

While too little rainfall during the summer monsoon can cause dire conditions for farmers on land, too much rainfall and overly strong winds can make coastal waters unsafe, preventing fishermen throughout South Asia from heading to sea to catch the fish they depend on for income.

How does climate change affect agriculture in India?

Impact of climate change on Indian agriculture was studied under National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA). Rainfed rice yields in India are projected to reduce marginally (<2.5%) in 2050 and 2080 and irrigated rice yields by 7% in 2050 and 10% in 2080 scenarios.

How do monsoons affect the climate of India?

Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia. The summer monsoon is associated with heavy rainfall. … The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas.

How are monsoon affected by climate change?

Past research based on computer models has suggested that the global heating caused by greenhouse gases, and the increased moisture in the warmed atmosphere, will result in rainier summer monsoon seasons and unpredictable, extreme rainfall events.

What are positive impact of monsoon in India?

Monsoon rains replenish reservoirs and groundwater, allowing better irrigation and more hydropower output. Higher rainfall can trim demand for subsidised diesel, which is used to pump wells for irrigation.

What is the importance of monsoon season for the Indian farmers?

The monsoon is critical for agriculture in the country since nearly 60% of India’s net arable land lacks irrigation. The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of several grains and pulses, including rice, wheat, and sugarcane.

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Why is the Indian monsoon important?

The monsoon winds are known to convey moisture from the warm tropical oceans to the Indian subcontinent, where heavy rainfall occurs. … ABSTRACT | The Indian Summer Monsoon is one of the most important climate systems on Earth, bringing the rains to sustain agricultural production for many hundreds of millions of people.

What are the impacts of monsoon?

Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. 3.2 C). However, seasonal monsoon rains can also provide freshwater for drinking and crop irrigation.

Which effect can Early monsoon rains in India have on that country’s agriculture?

Its arrival marks the beginning of the cultivation of rain-fed kharif crops which are heavily dependent on the monsoon—the quantity of rainfall determines agricultural production. Early showers will help farmers start planting of major crops such as rice, soybeans, cotton and pulses.

How would poor monsoon affect the farmers?

Weak sowing, coupled with uneven monsoon, could affect crop yields and farm output, “posing upside risks to inflation,” he said. … Sowing of crops including rice, cotton, corn and pulses has slumped about 12% from a year earlier, according to the farm ministry.

What is the impact of climate change on India?

Climate changes affecting India hard

Climate change has already hit India hard, causing huge economic and social losses in recent years. This year, for instance, India has witnessed severe floods, cloudbursts and landslides in several states across the country, causing death and destruction.

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What is climate change and its impact on agriculture?

Agriculture is extremely vulnerable to climate change. Higher temperatures eventually reduce yields of desirable crops while encouraging weed and pest proliferation. Changes in precipitation patterns increase the likelihood of short-run crop failures and long-run production declines.

What are the main impact of Indian agriculture on environment?

Agriculture contributes to a number larger of environmental issues that cause environmental degradation including: climate change, deforestation, biodiversity loss, dead zones, genetic engineering, irrigation problems, pollutants, soil degradation, and waste.