Alabama has a high degree of geologic variation relative to most other southeastern states because of the many rock types uplifted by the rise of the Southern Appalachian Mountains during the final 170 million years of the Paleozoic Era (541-252 million years ago).
Why does Alabama have so much biodiversity?
Ebersole said Alabama’s large amount of freshwater lakes and rivers is the main reason for the state’s biodiversity and paleobiodiversity superiority. “We have 132,000 miles of inland waterways, which is No. 1 in the country,” Ebersole said. “60% of aquatic biota in North America is in the Tennessee Valley.
Why do some areas have higher biodiversity?
Unique Climates and Conditions. One of the most significant and naturally occurring causes of differences in biodiversity across the world is differences in climate. … On the other extreme, moist, tropical zones like the Amazon rainforest support some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.
What state has the most biodiversity?
The four states with the largest level of biodiversity are California, Hawaii, Alabama, and Texas. California tops the list in both diversity (number of species) and endemism (number of unique species).
What type of ecosystem is Alabama?
Alabama harbors 64 types of terrestrial ecosystems, including 25 forests and woodlands, 11 wetlands, and 7 glades and prairies. The state also supports 77,000 miles of rivers and streams and several dozen marine ecosystems.
Is Alabama biodiversity?
White Topped Pitcher Plant Alabama is one of the most biologically diverse states in the United States and is a global hotspot of diversity for several groups of plants and animals. The state also has more than 132,000 miles of rivers and streams and several dozen marine ecosystems. …
How biodiverse is Alabama?
This diversity is a product of Alabama’s warm, moist climate, its great geologic diversity, and its rich evolutionary past. With more than 4,533 documented species, Alabama ranks fifth among states in terms of overall species diversity, and is first among states east of the Mississippi River.
What places have high biodiversity?
17 most biodiverse places on earth
- The Daintree, Queensland, Australia. 638. …
- Cloud forests of Ecuador. …
- The Amazon, Amazon-North, Brazil. …
- Alaska’s backcountry, United States. …
- Sapo National Park, Monrovia, Liberia. …
- Monteverde Park, Costa Rica. …
- Mt. …
- Sinharaja Forest, Sabaragamuwa, Sri Lanka.
What places most likely have low biodiversity?
The arctic regions of the world have the least biodiversity because plants don’t survive in the extreme cold and ice that cover these regions year-round. However, life does exist in the arctic regions, mostly affiliated with the seas that surround them.
What happens when there is high biodiversity?
Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.
Is Alabama a rainforest?
And for every rain drenched slope in the Appalachians, there’s a rain-starved ridge just over the next mountain. Every inch of the 33 million acres of Alabama is on the verge of becoming a rainforest. … That’s almost twice as much rain as Seattle, and a little more than three times the rainfall of London.
Which city has the highest biodiversity?
The world’s most biodiverse urban area, in raw numbers and with an understanding for its value, could be Cape Town, according to Thomas Elmqvist, editor of Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities and leader of the United Nation’s City and Biodiversity Outlook Project.
What is the least biodiverse state in the US?
By contrast, Rhode Island is the least biodiverse with just one ecoregion – the Northeastern coastal forests – encompassing the entire state.
What biome do we live in Alabama?
Deciduous forests are found in the following states in the U.S: Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama, Virginia, parts of Texas and Tennessee. Among the countries in Europe that have Deciduous forest biome include Italy, Spain, France, Bulgaria, Poland and much more.
How many species are endemic in Alabama?
Manion said Alabama is home to 28 species of plants that grow nowhere else in the world. “There are many states that don’t have any endemic plants,” he said. “Maine I think has one or two.