The term ‘biodiversity hotspot’ was coined by Norman Myers (1988). He recognized 10 tropical forests as “hotspots” on the basis of extraordinary level of plant endemism and high level of habitat loss, without any quantitative criteria for the designation of “hotspot” status.
How are biodiversity hotspots determined?
To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable. … In other words, it must be threatened.
Who does the work for biodiversity hotspots?
CEPF grantees work in developing and transitional countries in the world’s biodiversity hotspots—some of Earth’s most biologically diverse yet threatened terrestrial areas. Since 2001, CEPF has funded conservation in 24 of the 36 hotspots.
Who coined the term biodiversity?
The word biodiversity is a contraction of the phrase “biological diversity” and was first coined in 1985 by Walter Rosen of the National Research Council as a title word in a seminar he was organizing to discuss biological diversity.
Who first coined the term hotspot?
In 1988, the British Biologist Norman Myers was credited for coining the term ‘biodiversity hotspot’ as a biogeographic area distinguished by great levels of habitat loss and plant endemism.
What is biodiversity hotspot example?
Biodiversity hotspots are regions that are both biologically fertile (rich distribution of plants and animals) and highly threatened. … Examples of biodiversity hotspots are forest habitats as they constantly face destruction and degradation due to illegal logging, pollution and deforestation.
Who developed the hotspot concept in 1988?
In 1988, British ecologist Norman Myers published a seminal paper identifying 10 tropical forest “hotspots.” These regions were characterized both by exceptional levels of plant endemism and serious levels of habitat loss.
Who popularized biodiversity in India?
Identify the level of biodiversity represented by 50000 strains of rice in India. Edward Wilson was the Socio-biologist who popularised the term ‘Biodiversity’ . He even described different levels of Biodiversity . There are more than 50,000 strains or rice in India which is an example of Genetic Diversity .
Is Andaman a biodiversity hotspot?
Nicobar Islands are a part of the Sundaland global biodiversity hotspot. Mangrove forests are found in these islands. 3500 plant species are found in the Andaman and Nicobar group of islands. Out of these 3500 species, 422 of floral genera and 648 species are endemic to the Nicobar Island.