Which of the following features has the greatest effect on climate?

On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.

What factor has the greatest effect on determining a regions climate?

The main factor influencing the climate of a region is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. To review from the Earth’s Atmosphere chapter: The equator receives the most solar radiation.

Which force has the greatest effect on surface currents quizlet?

1. Wind is the primary driving force of surface currents. The Coriolis effect deflects the currents to the right (Northern Hemisphere) or left (Southern Hemisphere) of their path of motion (the prevailing wind direction).

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Which of the following best defines climate?

Which of the following best defines climate? Climate is the average, year-to-year conditions of weather in an area.

How do ocean currents affect climate?

Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate. … The ocean doesn’t just store solar radiation; it also helps to distribute heat around the globe.

What are the factors that affect the climate?

3.1 Factors affecting climate

  • distance from the sea.
  • ocean currents.
  • direction of prevailing winds.
  • shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
  • distance from the equator.
  • the El Niño phenomenon.

Which of the following is the greatest influence on climate longitude or latitude?

Many factors influence the climate of a region. The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation.

Which of the following factors has the greatest effect on surface currents?

Wind. Wind is the single biggest factor in the creation of surface currents. Strong winds moving across an expanse of water move the surface of the water.

Which force has the greatest effect on surface currents?

Which force has the greatest effect on surface currents quizlet? 1. Wind is the primary driving force of surface currents. The Coriolis effect deflects the currents to the right (Northern Hemisphere) or left (Southern Hemisphere) of their path of motion (the prevailing wind direction).

What is the primary driving force behind climate on Earth?

Directly or indirectly, the sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate patterns. Because Earth is spherical, energy from the sun does not reach all areas with equal strength.

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Which of the following features determine the climate of an area?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. … Likewise, average precipitation is important, but the yearly variation in rainfall is also important.

Which of the following variables are most important in defining the climate of a region?

Which of the following variables are most important in defining the climate of a region? The most important characteristics for defining the climate are rainfall/precipitation and temperature.

Which of the following best explains the impact of climate change on polar regions?

Which of the following best explains the impact of climate change on polar regions? Polar regions are warming more slowly than other regions because the ice and snow keep the air cool.

How does landforms affect climate?

Lakes, Bays and Gulfs

Like the oceans, a large lake, bay or gulf can act as a moderating influence on climate, resulting in cooler summers and warmer winters. For example, North America’s Great Lakes modify the temperature of air masses that travel across them, which produces a comparatively mild climate.

How does higher altitude affect climate?

Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.

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How do ocean currents affect climate quizlet?

Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.