Which country is known as mega biodiversity country?
Coverage. The identified Megadiverse Countries are: United States of America, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Madagascar, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, China, and Australia.
Which country has less biodiversity?
Ecuador is the smallest country on this list. The Galapagos Islands are within its borders, a self-contained and highly biodiverse ecosystem. These islands helped Charles Darwin author his famous “Theory of Evolution”. Scientists have estimated 16,087 plant species of which 4,173 are endemic.
What are the top 10 biodiverse countries?
Top 10 countries in biodiversity
- South Africa.
- United States.
Is India a mega biodiversity Centre?
India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. … This assemblage of three distinct realms makes the country rich and unique in biological diversity. The country is also one of the 12 primary centres of origin of cultivated plants and domesticated animals.
How many countries have mega biodiversity?
The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …
What are the 12 mega biodiversity countries?
Aside from the WCMC, in 2002 a total of 12 of the main developing countries considered mega-diverse gathered in Mexico: Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa and Venezuela.
How many mega biodiversity are there in India?
India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animals” according to the UN. It is the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 45,500 plant species.
Why Malaysia is in a group of mega biodiversity country?
Malaysia is one of the world’s megadiverse countries. … This is in line with Malaysia’s commitment to maintain at least 50% of forest and tree cover in perpetuity, as pledged at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. In addition, a total of 10.6% of Malaysia’s land area has been designated as terrestrial protected areas.
What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
Which country has most birds?
Total number of bird species, by country
|Country / region||Bird species count||Rank|
Which country is the most biodiverse?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Is the 12th mega biodiverse country in the world?
_________ is the 12th Mega Biodiverse Country in the world.
India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world.
What is the most biodiverse country in Europe?
Italy has the highest level of faunal biodiversity in Europe, with over 57,000 species recorded, representing more than a third of all European fauna.