Ecology is the study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environment. The distribution and abundance of organisms on Earth is shaped by both biotic, living-organism-related, and abiotic, nonliving or physical, factors.
What is the best definition for ecology?
Definition of ecology
1 : a branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their environments. 2 : the totality or pattern of relations between organisms and their environment.
What is the best definition of the term Ecology quizlet?
-Ecology is the study of interactions of organisms with each other and with their habitat.
Who defined ecology?
Ecology was originally defined in the mid-19th century, when biology was a vastly different discipline than it is today. The original definition is from Ernst Haeckel, who defined ecology as the study of the relationship of organisms with their environment.
Who termed ecology?
The word ecology was coined by the German zoologist Ernst Haeckel, who applied the term oekologie to the “relation of the animal both to its organic as well as its inorganic environment.” The word comes from the Greek oikos, meaning “household,” “home,” or “place to live.” Thus, ecology deals with the organism and its …
What is the definition of ecosystem quizlet?
an ecosystem is a community of living organisms (plants, animals, and microbes in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment things like air, water and mineral soil) interacting as a system.
What is the ecological term for a group of different types of organisms?
In ecology, a community is a group or association of populations of two or more different species occupying the same geographical area at the same time, also known as a biocoenosis, biotic community, biological community, ecological community, or life assemblage. The term community has a variety of uses.
What is a species quizlet?
A species are organisms that can interbreed with each other & produce fertile offspring (old definition). 2. A class of individuals having some common characteristics or qualities; distinct sort or kind.
What are the terms of ecology?
Ecology: Organisms and Their Environments Terms
- Abiotic. Anything that is not, nor has ever been, alive. …
- Autotroph. …
- Biotic. …
- Carnivore. …
- Carrying capacity. …
- Climax community. …
What is the two word origin of the word ecology?
“Ecology” is a term derived from Greek meaning learning about (“logos”) the ecosystems, where “eco” comes from the Greek word “oikos” meaning “household” (Odum and Barrett 2005) – in other words, learning about the life of populations.
What is environmental ecology?
Environmental Ecology is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment. Objects of study include interactions of organisms with each other and with abiotic components of their environment.
Who first proposed the term ecology?
The word “ecology” (“Ökologie”) was coined in 1866 by the German scientist Ernst Haeckel, and it became a rigorous science in the late 19th century. Evolutionary concepts relating to adaptation and natural selection are cornerstones of modern ecological theory.
Who first used and defined ecology in 1869?
– The word ecology is believed to have been invented by Ernst HaecKel (1869) though its first authentic usage was made by Reiter (1885). – The main goal of ecology is to consider the distribution in the world of the biotic and abiotic influences of living organisms.