Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Where is biodiversity greatest at?
The parts of the Earth with the greatest biodiversity exist along the equator in tropical rainforests and coral reefs.
What part of the earth has the most biodiversity Why?
What part of the earth has the most biodiversity Why? Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
Where is Earth’s greatest biodiversity quizlet?
Why is Earth’s biodiversity greatest near the equator? More species can live in warm climates than in cold climates.
Which layer of the ocean has the greatest biodiversity?
The epipelagic zone stretches from the surface down to 200 m and is home to the greatest biodiversity in the sea, largely because of the availability of sunlight that enables photosynthetic organisms to thrive. Both marine plants and animals are found here.
Is biodiversity greatest near the equator?
Species diversity is higher at the equator than at the poles. In biological terms, this is referred to as the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), in which the number of species increases from the poles to the Equator. This ranks among the broadest and most notable biodiversity patterns on Earth.
Why is biodiversity the greatest at the equator?
There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.
Which biome has the greatest biodiversity in Canada?
Tropical forests are widely considered to have the greatest species diversity of the terrestrial biomes and the tundra biome has the least.
Which climate zone has the greatest biodiversity?
Tropical forests have the highest biodiversity and primary productivity of any of the terrestrial biomes.