What resources does the ocean provide to various ecosystem?

Ocean resources provide jobs, goods and services for billions of people around the world and have immense economic importance. There resources include food, fuel, renewable energy, minerals, sand and gravel and tourism.

What does the ocean provide?

The ocean provides us with the necessary resources to survive: oxygen, water, and food. Even if you do not eat seafood, fishmeal is used to feed poultry and pork, as well as to organically fertilize crops for millennia. Fish and other seafood are vital for good nutrition.

How does the ocean help the ecosystem?

The air we breathe: The ocean produces over half of the world’s oxygen and absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere. Climate regulation: Covering 70 percent of the Earth’s surface, the ocean transports heat from the equator to the poles, regulating our climate and weather patterns.

What are the 5 resources of the ocean?

What are the 5 resources of the ocean? The ocean is an important source for food, salt, fresh water, oil, tidal energy, and minerals.

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How does the ocean provide oxygen?

The ocean produces oxygen through the plants (phytoplankton, kelp, and algal plankton) that live in it. These plants produce oxygen as a byproduct of photosynthesis, a process which converts carbon dioxide and sunlight into sugars the organism can use for energy.

What products come from the ocean?

Products Of The Sea

  • petroleum.
  • gas fields.
  • fish.
  • marine mammals.
  • sand and gravel aggregates.
  • placer deposits.
  • polymetallic nodules.
  • precious stones.

What is in the ocean ecosystem?

The ocean ecosystem includes everything in the oceans, as well as the saltwater bays, seas and inlets, the shorelines and salt marshes. It is home to the smallest organisms like plankton and bacteria, as well as the world’s largest living structure – the Great Barrier Reef, which can even be seen from the moon.

How important is the ocean to our economy?

In addition to its crucial role for regulating the climate and weather, the ocean is vital to the world’s economy, with more than 90% of trade using sea routes and as a source of jobs for millions of people.

Why is Ocean Exploration important?

Information from ocean exploration can help us understand how we are affecting and being affected by changes in Earth’s environment, including changes in weather and climate. Insights from ocean exploration can help us better understand and respond to earthquakes, tsunamis, and other hazards.

Why ocean is a resource?

The ocean plays a critical role in removing carbon from the atmosphere and providing oxygen. It regulates Earth’s climate. The ocean is an increasingly important source of biomedical organisms with enormous potential for fighting disease. These are just a few examples of the importance of the ocean to life on land.

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Is the ocean a renewable resource?

That’s because life in the oceans is a renewable resource. … Unlike oil or other mineral resources, which come in limited supplies, ocean life renews itself. The oceans contain a staggering variety and quantity of life – far more life than on the land.

What is the important of photosynthesis in ocean?

Phytoplankton, such as algae, are the plants that make photosynthesis happen in the ocean. These tiny plants live on the surface of the water where they collect their energy from the sun and use it along with nutrients in the water to grow and feed ocean life.

How does the ocean regulate climate?

Ocean currents act much like a conveyer belt, transporting warm water and precipitation from the equator toward the poles and cold water from the poles back to the tropics. Thus, currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.

What is the major source of oxygen for the Earth’s atmosphere?

Scientists estimate that 50-80% of the oxygen production on Earth comes from the ocean. The majority of this production is from oceanic plankton — drifting plants, algae, and some bacteria that can photosynthesize. One particular species, Prochlorococcus, is the smallest photosynthetic organism on Earth.