What is the status of India’s biodiversity in comparison with the world?

India is one of the world’s ‘mega diversity’ countries. It is ranked ninth in the world in terms of higher plant species richness. At the ecosystem level, India is also well-endowed, with ten distinct biogeographic zones.

What is the rank of India’s biodiversity in world?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

How much percentage of world biodiversity is present in India?

India, a megadiverse country with only 2.4% of the world’s land area, accounts for 7-8% of all recorded species, including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals.

What is the current biodiversity status of the world?

More than 99 percent of all species that ever lived on Earth are estimated to be extinct. Estimates on the number of Earth’s current species range from 2 million to 1 trillion, of which about 1.74 million have been databased thus far and over 80 percent have not yet been described.

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Why India is considered as one of the richest biodiversity in the world?

Note: India has the richest biodiversity and its 23.39%. The area is covered with forest and trees. It hosts more than 2,00,000 species that are confined to a particular region. India has four hotspots and each of them hosts more than a hundred endangered species.

How many biodiversity centers are there in the world?

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …

Which state in India has maximum biodiversity?

The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.

How many global biodiversity hotspots are shared by India?

India accommodates part of four global bio-diversity hotspots – the Himalaya, the Western Ghats, Indo-Burma and Sundaland, which are facing challenges due to anthropogenic disturbance and climate change.

How does biodiversity vary in India?

Because of its vast size and location, India has a varied bio-diversity. Ranging from flora and fauna that thrive in the tropics, it has those which survive in sub-zero temperatures, in the northern regions. The Biological Diversity Act of 2002 was passed by the Indian Parliament.

What is the status of biodiversity in Pakistan?

Pakistan is rich in biodiversity, particularly in the arid and semi-arid regions which cover almost 80% of the total land area. A number of animal and plant species are threatened and/or endangered largely due to over-exploitation and loss of natural habitat.

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Which are the biodiversity rich regions of India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands).

How can we say India as one of the bio rich nations Mcq?

How can we say India as one of the bio-rich nations? Explanation: India is one of the top countries in the bio-richness. This is because for its great variety of plants and animals. Many of the plants and animals are not found elsewhere.