Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
What is the most biodiverse ecosystem on Earth?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.
What is the 2nd most diverse ecosystem?
Tropical forests contain half of all biodiversity on Earth.
For comparison sake, the world’s second most diverse ecosystems, Coral Reefs, contain roughly 6% of Earth’s biodiversity.
What is a highly biodiverse ecosystem?
Example of ecosystem with high biodiversity is tropical rain forest as seen in Amazon basin of south America. Such forests are also thriving in parts of central Africa and also in islands of Indonesia. In marine environment, coral reefs are example of high biodiversity aquatic ecosystems.
What place has the greatest biodiversity?
Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.
Why are coral reefs one of the most biodiverse ecosystems on the planet?
The variety of species living on a coral reef is greater than in any other shallow-water marine ecosystem, making reefs one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet. … Scientists estimate that more than one million species of plants and animals are associated with coral reef ecosystems.
Which ecosystem most likely has the greatest biological diversity and therefore the highest sustainability?
Tropical rain forest have the greatest biodiversity of any type of land ecosystem.
Where are the least biodiverse ecosystems found on Earth?
The arctic regions of the world have the least biodiversity because plants don’t survive in the extreme cold and ice that cover these regions year-round. However, life does exist in the arctic regions, mostly affiliated with the seas that surround them.
What is the largest scale of biodiversity?
Ecological diversity is the largest scale of biodiversity, and within each ecosystem, there is a great deal of both species and genetic diversity.
What are the examples of high biodiversity?
Examples of places with high biodiversity include rainforests and coral reefs, because they have many different species in an area. Less biodiverse areas include deserts, icy areas, and the bottom of the ocean. Organisms do exist in those places, but not as many as places with higher biodiversity.
Which ecosystem has maximum biomass?
The biomass is maximum in a forest ecosystem because of their size and longevity of trees. Forest ecosystem has formed the most massive and complex ecosystems of the earth.
Where are the most biodiverse ecosystems found on Earth and why?
Two of the Most Diverse Ecosystems on Earth
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
What is the most biodiverse country in Europe?
Italy has the highest level of faunal biodiversity in Europe, with over 57,000 species recorded, representing more than a third of all European fauna.