What is a major influence on the climate of western Europe?

The climate of western Europe is strongly conditioned by the Gulf Stream, which keeps mild air (for the latitude) over Northwestern Europe in the winter months, especially in Ireland, the United Kingdom and coastal Norway. Parts of the central European plains have a hybrid oceanic/continental climate.

What are the major influences on climate in Europe?

Terms in this set (5)

  • Latitude. NORTHERN HEMISPHERE.
  • Proximity to Water. PENINSULA, 300 MILES FROM SEA.
  • Ocean and Wind Currents. NORTH ATLANTIC CURRENT – WARM WATER FROM GULF OF MEXICO THAT FLOWS NORTHEAST TOWARD WEST COAST OF EUROPE. …
  • Landforms. MOUNTAINS – such as Alps – BLOCK WINDS. …
  • Elevation.

What Current has a major factor on the climate of Western Europe?

The Gulf Stream is an ocean current that carries warm water up the eastern coast of the United states and Canada and on to western Europe.

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What major climates are located in Western Europe?

In Western Europe there are marine climates, Mediterranean climates, semiarid areas, highland and humid subtropical climates. In Southeast Europe, you’ll find mostly humid continental, semiarid and Mediterranean climates. In Northeast Europe, there are marine, subarctic, tundra and humid continental climates.

Which two major factors control the climate of Europe?

Answer: WESTERLIES – WIND CURRENT THAT BRINGS WARM TEMPERATURES AND RAIN TO WEST COAST OF EUROPE. HIGHER = COLDER, MOUNTAIN RANGES – such as the Alps and Caucasus = VERY HIGH, CLIMATE IS COLDER.

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?

LOWERN

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

What factors influence the climate?

There are lots of factors that influence our climate

  • Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
  • Prevailing global wind patterns. …
  • Topography. …
  • Effects of Geography. …
  • Surface of the Earth. …
  • Climate change over time.

How do the westerlies influence the climate of northwest Europe?

Answer: Given those pressure conditions, westerly winds prevail in northwestern Europe, becoming especially strong in winter. The winter westerlies, often from the southwest, bring in warm tropical air; in summer, by contrast, they veer to the northwest and bring in cooler Arctic or subarctic air.

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What type of climate does most of Eastern Europe have?

Most of Western Europe has a moist and moderate climate, while Eastern Europe has cold winters and hot summers, especially in the southeast. The winter can be long and very cold in the far north. The countries near the Mediterranean Sea have hot, dry summers and mild winters.

What type of climate is found in the North Western part of Europe?

The Cool Temperate Continental type or Siberian type of climate is found in the north-western part of Europe. This climate is marked by severe winters of long duration and a cool brief summer lasting only 3 to 4 months.

How does climate change affect Europe?

Climate change is likely to increase the frequency of flooding across Europe in the coming years. Heavy rainstorms are projected to become more common and more intense due to higher temperatures, with flash floods expected to become more frequent across Europe.

Why is the West European type of climate called maritime climate?

They are the regions of frontal cyclonic activity [Temperate Cyclones]. This type of climate is typical to Britain, hence the name ‘British Type’. Also called as North-West European Maritime Climate due to greater oceanic influence.

Why is Europe a temperate climate?

Much of Europe enjoys a mild climate, at least when compared with other locations throughout the world lying at the same latitude. This is primarily due to the Atlantic Ocean’s warm Gulf Stream current, which exerts a moderating effect on a significant portion of the continent, particularly its westernmost half.

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How does the climate of Europe change from east to west?

(a) east to west — Winters and summers are more severe in the east than in the west. The annual rainfall is highest in the west and decreases steadily eastwards. (b) north to south — North European countries experience longer, colder winters and shorter, cooler summers than south European countries.

What influences the Marine West Coast climate?

Marine west coast climates are typically found to the west of large mountain ranges that cause fronts to collide and release all of their precipitation. Wet warm air from the coast rises and cools as it goes over the mountain. This causes the water in the air to cool and condense, resulting in rain, drizzle, and fog.

Where is the best climate in Europe?

Portugal – The 1st on Europe Countries with the Best Weather

For those of you who’d rather enjoy 22°C on average almost throughout the entire year than sweat it out at 35+°C degrees, Portugal is 1st on Europe Countries with the Best Weather.