An ecosystem is said to possess ecological stability (or equilibrium) if it is capable of returning to its equilibrium state after a perturbation (a capacity known as resilience) or does not experience unexpected large changes in its characteristics across time.
What does it mean when an ecosystem is in equilibrium?
Ecosystem equilibrium is when populations of organisms in the ecosystem are in balance, with an ecosystem being a collection of living and non-living things in an area.
How does an ecosystem maintain equilibrium?
A balanced ecosystem works via energy and material cycling. The chief energy source of ecosystems is sunlight. Photosynthesis of sunlight by plants creates oxygen as a waste product, which in turn is used in respiration by animals. … Balanced ecosystems require the sun’s energy to exist and perpetuate the energy cycle.
What happens when an ecosystem is in equilibrium What is the name of this ecosystem community?
In some environments, succession reaches a climax, producing a stable community dominated by a small number of prominent species. This state of equilibrium, called the climax community, is thought to result when the web of biotic interactions becomes so intricate that no other species can be admitted.
What does equilibrium mean in biology?
noun, plural: equilibriums or equilibria. (1) The condition in which all acting influences are balanced or canceled by equal opposing forces, resulting in a stable system. (2) The state of balance or static; the absence of net tendency to change.
What is an example of equilibrium in nature?
Natural selection leads competing species to an equilibrium — a stable adjustment to each other. Off the west coast of South Africa, the waters of Malgas Island are dominated by seaweed and rock lobsters that prey on mussels and whelks.
Does the ecosystem return to equilibrium?
While in equilibrium, an ecosystem can recover from small changes through negative feedback, returning to its original state.
What is equilibrium in diffusion?
Definition. The state in which the concentrations of the diffusing substance in the two compartments are the same or become equal.