What are the major hotspots of biodiversity in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

Which is the main biodiversity hotspot of India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

What are the three biodiversity hotspots in India?

The biodiversity hotspots in India are as follows:

  • The Western Ghats and Sri Lanka.
  • The Eastern Himalayas.
  • Indo-Burma.
  • Sundaland.

How many major biological hotspots are there in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.

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What are the top biodiversity hotspots?

The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region. The New Zealand archipelago is another hotspot. Life on New Zealand evolved in isolation, so the islands contain many species not found anywhere else.

What are hotspots and hotspots in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

How many hotspots are there in India 2021?

Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.

What are biodiversity hotspots 10?

The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.

What is biodiversity hotspot Class 12?

Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there?

There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on our planet, and these areas are dazzling, unique, and full of life. Plants, animals, and other living organisms that populate these places are rare and many of them are only found in these specific geographic areas.

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How many hot spots are there in India out of 35 biodiversity hotspots in the world?

As it has been already mentioned, India is a country rich in biological diversity. It is situated in the Indomalaya ecozone and comprises of 2 out of the 35 biodiversity hotspots in the world.

What is biodiversity hotspot Why is India considered?

An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.

What are 2 biodiversity hotspots?

Many of the biodiversity hotspots exceed the two criteria. For example, both the Sundaland Hotspot in Southeast Asia and the Tropical Andes Hotspot in South America have about 15,000 endemic plant species. The loss of vegetation in some hotspots has reached a startling 95 percent.

What are 5 hotspots in the world?

Hispaniola is among the Caribbean islands comprising a biodiversity hotspot.

  • The Caribbean Islands. …
  • The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
  • Southeast Asia. …
  • The Philippines. …
  • The Horn of Africa. …
  • Madagascar. …
  • The California Coast.

What are hotspots of biodiversity give two examples?

Hot spots are those regions of rich biodiversity which have been declared sensitive due to direct or indirect interference of human activities. 2. The three hotspots in India are Western Ghats, Indo-Burma region and Eastern Himalayas.