What are the environmental benefits of wetlands?

Far from being useless, disease-ridden places, wetlands provide values that no other ecosystem can. These include natural water quality improvement, flood protection, shoreline erosion control, opportunities for recreation and aesthetic appreciation and natural products for our use at no cost.

What are the environmental impacts of wetlands?

Wetlands destruction has increased flood and drought damage, nutrient runoff and water pollution, and shoreline erosion, and triggered a decline in wildlife populations.

What is the largest benefit of wetlands?

Wetlands provide critical wildlife habitat, prevent shoreline erosion, and protect water quality. They are the most biologically productive ecosystems in the Great Lakes watershed.

What are the 3 functions of wetlands?

Functions & values of wetlands

  • Water purification.
  • Flood protection.
  • Shoreline stabilization.
  • Groundwater recharge and stream flow maintenance.

How do wetlands help reduce water pollution?

Wetlands prevent flooding by temporarily storing and slowly releasing stormwater. Wetlands also reduce water flow, thus allowing sediments and associated pollutants to settle out. … In addition, roots of wetland vegetation hold soils in place, thus stabilizing the banks of rivers and streams.

What are some of the benefits of wetland restoration?

These services generate state and tribal commercial, recreational and aesthetic benefits as well. Wetlands also control erosion, limit flooding, moderate groundwater levels and base flow, assimilate nutrients, protect drinking water sources and buffer coastal areas from storm surges.

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What are 10 benefits of wetlands?

What are the benefits of wetlands?

  • Improved Water Quality. Wetlands can intercept runoff from surfaces prior to reaching open water and remove pollutants through physical, chemical, and biological processes. …
  • Erosion Control. …
  • Flood Abatement. …
  • Habitat Enhancement. …
  • Water Supply. …
  • Recreation. …
  • Partnerships. …
  • Education.

What are the environmental and economic benefits of wetlands?

Wetlands also provide significant economic, social and cultural benefits. Wetlands are important for primary products such as agriculture, fisheries and forestry. Many coastal and inland wetlands are popular for tourism and recreational activities such as swimming, boating, fishing, camping and birdwatching.