What are some of the reasons why New Zealand is known for its biodiversity?

Why is New Zealand so biodiverse?

New Zealand is an internationally recognised world ‘hotspot’ for biodiversity. This high endemism is largely the result of our long isolation from other land masses and diverse geography and climate, allowing unique flora and fauna to develop. … New Zealand relies on the maintenance of healthy ecosystem services.

What are 3 Reasons why biodiversity is important?

5 Reasons Why Biodiversity Matters – to Human Health, the Economy and Your Wellbeing

  • Biodiversity Ensures Health and Food Security. Biodiversity underpins global nutrition and food security. …
  • Biodiversity Helps Fight Disease. …
  • Biodiversity Benefits Business. …
  • Biodiversity Provides Livelihoods. …
  • Biodiversity Protects Us.

What are some good reasons for biodiversity?

Biodiversity provides vital ecosystem functions such as soil fertilization, nutrient recycling, pest and disease regulation, erosion control and crop and tree pollination.

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What is unique about the ecosystem of New Zealand?

The biota of New Zealand is one of the most unusual on Earth, due to its long isolation from other continental landmasses. … New Zealand’s forest ecosystems for example are being considered as the second most endangered of the world, with only 7% of the natural habitat remaining.

What is biodiversity in NZ?

Due to its relative isolation from continental landmasses, New Zealand has a high level of endemic biodiversity with an estimated 80,000 species of native animals, plants and fungi. … In the last 1000 years, 40 indigenous land and marine species have become extinct.

Why did NZ have no mammals?

New Zealand has almost no native mammals; its larger animal life is dominated by birds, lizards, frogs, wētā and land snails. … For years scientists thought that many of New Zealand’s life forms were primitive survivors, isolated since the country broke away from Gondwana about 85 million years ago.

Why is biodiversity so important anyway 7 reasons?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

What are the 5 main reasons for biodiversity decline?

Biodiversity loss is caused by five primary drivers: habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation (extreme hunting and fishing pressure), pollution, climate change associated with global warming.

What is biodiversity and why does it matter?

Biodiversity is short for “biological diversity.” It is a big word that essentially means the variety the living things making up a particular habitat or part of the world. The biodiversity of plants, animals and other living things greatly impacts a habitat’s ability to thrive.

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What are 10 reasons why we should care about biodiversity?

Having biodiversity improves the health of Earth. It shows it is thriving. And healthy ecosystems clean our water, purify our air, maintain our soil, regulate the climate, recycle nutrients and provide us with food. Biodiversity provides raw materials and resources for medicines and other purposes.

What is biodiversity and why is it important for human lives Class 10?

Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services. Note: Species are found 3 million to 100 million on earth.

What are the 3 types of biodiversity?

Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.

Why is New Zealand so green?

Aotearoa is greener than most countries in the world. Miles and miles of rolling green hills and paddocks make for scenery that is only matched in parts of Scandinavia or Patagonia. New Zealand’s greenery is produced by some healthy seasonal weather, including a decent winter.

What is New Zealand’s environment like?

Temperature. New Zealand has a largely temperate climate. While the far north has subtropical weather during summer, and inland alpine areas of the South Island can be as cold as – 10°C in winter, most of the country lies close to the coast, which means mild temperatures, moderate rainfall, and abundant sunshine.

What are some special features of NZ plants that make them unique?

Some specific adaptations of New Zealand plants

  • Many native shrubs have a characteristic growth form called divarication. …
  • Many flowers are small and white. …
  • Most trees are evergreen. …
  • Many of our trees are dioecious. …
  • Many of our plants are highly variable in their form.
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