Quick Answer: What is the relationship between agriculture and biodiversity?

BIODIVERSITY is the basis of AGRICULTURE. Its maintenance is essential for the production of food and other agricultural goods and the benefits these provide to humanity, including food security, nutrition and livelihoods. BIODIVERSITY is the origin of all crops and domesticated livestock and the variety within them.

What is the role of agriculture in biodiversity?

Agricultural biodiversity also performs ecosystem services such as soil and water conservation, maintenance of soil fertility and biota, and pollination, all of which are essential to human survival. … The importance of agricultural biodiversity encompasses socio-cultural, economic and environmental elements.

What is the relationship between agriculture and ecosystem?

While negative impacts are serious, and can include pollution and degradation of soil, water, and air, agriculture can also positively impact the environment, for instance by trapping greenhouse gases within crops and soils, or mitigating flood risks through the adoption of certain farming practices.

Why biodiversity is important to sustainability in farming?

Conservation and maintenance of biodiversity are important for four reasons. … Economics: Biodiversity provides us with great economic returns, for example the provision of food and fibre, medicines, control of pest organisms, building materials and crop pollination.

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Is plant diversity possible in agriculture?

Agricultural ecosystems function effectively as self-regulating systems provided they have sufficient biodiversity of plants and animals. … Strategies to raise genetic diversity can involve planting mixtures of crop varieties. Genetic diversity of crops can be used to help protect the environment.

What is the relationship between agriculture and industry?

Agriculture draws some raw materials, like chemical fertilisers, pesticides, electric power, agricultural machinery and imple-ments, etc., from the industry. Agriculture is also dependent on industry for the supply of materials for building up social and economic overheads in the agricultural sector.

What is the relationship between agriculture and climate change?

Agriculture affects climate through emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. These emissions come directly from use of fossil fuels, tillage practices, fertilized agricultural soils and livestock manure in large proportion.

What is agriculture ecology and ecosystem?

Introduction to Agricultural Ecology and Ecosystem

The goal of agriculture is to provide food for the nation. The business of agriculture is carried out within the ecosystem. … These domesticated plant and animal species interact together in the environment to form the agro-ecological system.

How agricultural biodiversity increases the crop productivity?

Biodiversity helps in regulating the functioning of ecosystems by improving the variety and level of biological processes that help in agricultural production. … This can be achieved though good farming practices which follow ecosystem-based approaches designed to improve sustainability of production systems.

Is agriculture part of biodiversity?

More than 190 countries committed themselves to working to mainstream biodiversity and “bearing in mind that the agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism sectors heavily depend on biodiversity and its components, as well as on the ecosystem functions and services which biodiversity underpins, and that these sectors …

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What are the main causes of biodiversity?

8 Major Causes of Biodiversity – Explained!

  • Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: A habitat is the place where a plant or animal naturally lives. …
  • Over-exploitation for Commercialization: …
  • Invasive Species: …
  • Pollution: …
  • Global Climate Change: …
  • Population Growth and Over-consumption: …
  • Illegal Wildlife Trade: …
  • Species extinction:

How does biodiversity affect ecosystem services?

Many key ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, pest regulation and pollination, sustain agricultural productivity. Promoting the healthy functioning of ecosystems ensures the resilience of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing demands for food production.