Ten years later, the Biological Diversity Act was enacted in 2002 in order to conserve biodiversity, manage its sustainable use and enable fair and equitable sharing benefits arising out of the use of biological resources with the local communities.
What is the most important thing about biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. …
What laws are in place to protect biodiversity?
To read more about these important pieces of legislation, click the various laws listed below.
- Endangered Species Act (ESA)
- Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA)
- Wild Bird Conservation Act (WBCA)
- Multinational Species Conservation Acts.
- Lacey Act.
- Pelly Amendment.
- Migratory Bird Treaty Act.
What is the most important reason for protecting biodiversity?
Biodiversity conservation protects plant, animal, microbial and genetic resources for food production, agriculture, and ecosystem functions such as fertilizing the soil, recycling nutrients, regulating pests and disease, controlling erosion, and pollinating crops and trees.
What is the most important law to ensure that biodiversity is not endangered by industry?
In 2002, India enacted a landmark law, the Biological Diversity Act, to focus on conservation of biological diversity and ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilisation of biological resources and associated knowledge.
Why biodiversity and defending biodiversity is important?
Biodiversity is the key indicator of the health of an ecosystem. A wide variety of species will cope better with threats than a limited number of them in large populations. Even if certain species are affected by pollution, climate change or human activities, the ecosystem as a whole may adapt and survive.
What is biodiversity environmental law?
Biodiversity and Biological Resource
Biodiversity has been defined under Section 2(b) of the Act as “the variability among living organisms from all sources and the ecological complexes of which they are part, and includes diversity within species or between species and of eco-systems”.
What is ESA act?
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) provides a program for the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals and the habitats in which they are found. The lead federal agencies for implementing ESA are. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) The FWS maintains a worldwide list of endangered species.
What laws can be passed to help protect endangered species?
The US Endangered Species Act (ESA) is our nation’s most effective law to protect at-risk species from extinction, with a stellar success rate: 99% of species listed on it have avoided extinction.
What are 3 Reasons why biodiversity is important?
5 Reasons Why Biodiversity Matters – to Human Health, the Economy and Your Wellbeing
- Biodiversity Ensures Health and Food Security. Biodiversity underpins global nutrition and food security. …
- Biodiversity Helps Fight Disease. …
- Biodiversity Benefits Business. …
- Biodiversity Provides Livelihoods. …
- Biodiversity Protects Us.
Which of the reasons for preserving biodiversity do you think would be the most likely to convince people that biodiversity should be preserved?
One of the main reasons we should continue to focus on preserving biodiversity is that it helps to boost ecosystem productivity. A proper functioning ecosystem is going to be naturally more resistant to harsh environmental conditions like climate change.
Why is it important to preserve biodiversity quizlet?
Why is biodiversity important? Biodiversity is important because it provides us with Natural Resources (Food, Water, Wood, etc.) Natural Services (Pest Control, Air and Water Purification, etc.) and of course, Aesthetic Pleasure.
What is Indian Biodiversity Act 2002?
An Act to provide for conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources, knowledge and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Which process policies have the greatest impact on biodiversity conservation?
The Convention on Biological Diversity is the most comprehensive, but numerous others are also relevant, including the World Heritage Convention, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, the Convention on Migratory Species, the U.N.
What is the law that protects all forests in rural areas and in the country?
Forest Conservation Act, 1980
A legislation was enacted by the president mainly to check the rapid cutting of trees and growing deforestation. This Act came to be known as Forest Conservation Act, 1980.