Quick Answer: What are the main factors that affect Earth’s climate?

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?


  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

What factors affect Earth’s climate?

There are different factors affect the climate like planting areas, land surface, location for latitude and longitude lines, Ocean currents and other bodies of water, snow and ice. The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation.

How does Earth’s geography affect weather and climate?

Geography affects the weather in many ways. … Topographical features like mountains affect the weather mostly in the way that they direct air currents. For example, air is forced to rise over mountains. Moist air will cool as it rises, and then the clouds release the water, causing precipitation like rain or snow.

What are the three most important geographical effects of climate in any area?

In order to properly understand the climate of an area, you have to understand what geography is and what geographic variables influence the climate in that region. The three most important geographic variables that influence climate are latitude, elevation, and proximity to a body of water.

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How does surface affect climate?

Major land surface changes affecting climate include deforestation (especially in tropical areas), and destruction of grasslands and xeric woodlands by overgrazing, or lack of grazing. … Deforestation, and conversion of grasslands to desert, may also lead to cooling of the regional climate.

Which of the following factors affect the climate of a place?

Latitude, Ocean Currents, Topography affect the climate of a place.

What is the importance of knowing the different factors affecting climate in the Earth’s atmosphere?

It’s important that we understand how the climate is changing, so that we can prepare for the future. Studying the climate helps us predict how much rain the next winter might bring, or how far sea levels will rise due to warmer sea temperatures.