It is estimated that 85 percent of the island’s 12,000 species of flowering plants are found nowhere else in the world. This unique biodiversity has led to the recognition of Madagascar, which is roughly twice the size of Arizona, as a “living laboratory” and the “seventh continent” (Jolly et al.
Is Madagascar biodiversity?
Madagascar, due to its isolation from the rest of the world, has tremendous biodiversity and high rates of endemic species: of more than 200,000 known species found on Madagascar, more than 80 percent exist nowhere else.
Is Madagascar a biodiversity hotspot?
The Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands Hotspot is one of 36 biodiversity hotspots on Earth. It is, therefore, one of the planet’s richest areas, not only in terms of biodiversity, but also in regard to endangered species.
How much of the world’s biodiversity is in Madagascar?
Approximately 90% of all animal and plant species found in Madagascar are endemic. Given its unique biodiversity, Madagascar identified as one of the megadiverse countries in the world amongst 17 in total. The country benefits enormously from its biodiversity.
Why does Madagascar have such a high biodiversity?
Because of Madagascar’s geographic isolation, many groups of plants and animals are entirely absent from the island. … Their descendants underwent dwarfing and evolved into species unique to the island. This distinctive biodiversity is a result of Madagascar’s geographic isolation.
What kind of environment is Madagascar?
Madagascar’s climate is tropical along the coast, temperate inland, and arid in the south. The island harbors lush rain forests, tropical dry forests, plateaus and deserts.
What is the geographical problem of Madagascar?
Madagascar’s major environmental problems include: Deforestation and habitat destruction; Agricultural fires; Erosion and soil degradation; Over exploitation of living resources including hunting and over-collection of species from the wild; Introduction of alien species.