The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. … In terms of fishes, the Philippines counts at least 3,214 species, of which about 121 are endemic and 76 threatened.
What are the biodiversity issues in the Philippines?
Because of the isolation of some of the islands of the Philippines since the Pleistocene era, Philippine forests are home to numerous endemic life forms. Rapid deforestation, transformation of mangrove swamps, and destruction of coral reefs all point to significant loss of biodiversity.
Why is it Philippines is biodiversity hotspot in the world?
Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot
It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.
How do we protect Philippine biodiversity?
- Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
- Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
- Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.
Why Philippines is a diverse country?
Because of its archipelagic nature, Philippines is a culturally diverse country. With its topography consisting of mountainous terrains, dense forests, plains, and coastal areas, the Philippines is rich in biodiversity.
Why the Philippine biodiversity is endangered?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
How does the biodiversity affect the environment?
A diversity of species increases the ability of ecosystems to do things like hold soils together, maintain soil fertility, deliver clean water to streams and rivers, cycle nutrients, pollinate plants (including crops), and buffer against pests and diseases—these are sometimes called ‘ecosystem functions’ or ‘ecosystem …
What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?
As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.
What are the ecosystem in the Philippines?
The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines
|General Types (Higher Level)||Sub-types (Lower Level)|
|Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem||Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp|
|Saltwater/Marine Ecosystem||Mudflats Seagrass belts Coral reefs|
How is it important to every Filipino recognizes the Philippines as one of major megadiverse nation?
As a megadiverse country, the Philippines is recognized with its rich biodiversity. It has the most diverse life forms on a per unit area. Its biodiversity, composed of various flora and fauna, provides resources to meet basic needs for human survival, promotes economic development and offers environmental services.
What are the actions made by the Philippines in preserving the ecology?
The Protect Wildlife Project was launched in 2016 in collaboration with Conservation International, USAID, and other partners to combat the threats to wildlife and the causes of biodiversity loss in the Philippines while taking into consideration environmental threats such as habitat loss, unsustainable harvesting, and …
Does the Philippines have diversity?
The Philippines is a country of great diversity. It’s a country known to have over a hundred dialects and many ethnic groups. Not only those, but the culture is also very varied because of its archipelagic nature and rich history.
What kind of diversity already exist in the Philippines?
By some measures, the country has more than 170 ethno-linguistic groups whose distinct cultural traditions are overlaid with influences from waves of Malay, Hindu, Arab, Spanish, Chinese and American migration, trade and conquest.
Why is the Philippines poor despite its abundant and diverse natural resources?
Aside from social, economic and political issues, environmental factors also contribute towards making the Philippines poor. Many rural Filipinos depend on the country’s extensive natural resources, particularly for the fishing and agricultural industries.