How is Indian biodiversity unique in the world?

India has tremendous biodiversity, genetic as well as of species and ecosystems. It contains over 7 per cent of the world’s biodiversity on 2.5 per cent of the Earth’s surface. … Among amphibians found in India, 62% are unique to this country. Among lizards, of the 153 species recorded, 50% are endemic.

Why does India have a lot of biodiversity?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. … The region is also heavily influenced by summer monsoons that cause major seasonal changes in vegetation and habitat.

Why India is considered as one of the richest biodiversity in the world?

Note: India has the richest biodiversity and its 23.39%. The area is covered with forest and trees. It hosts more than 2,00,000 species that are confined to a particular region. India has four hotspots and each of them hosts more than a hundred endangered species.

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How can you say that India is one of the major biodiversity of the world?

(i) With about 47,000 plant species, India occupies the tenth place in the world and fourth place in Asia in plant diversity. (ii) There are about 15,000 flowering plants in India which account for 6 per cent of the world’s total number of flowering plants.

How India is a mega biodiversity country?

India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).

Which country has the best biodiversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

What is India’s share in global species diversity?

Although India has only 2.4 per cent of the world’s land area, its share of the global species diversity is an impressive 8.1 per cent. That is what makes our country one of the 12 mega diversity countries of the world.

Why India is called a mega diversity?

Mega means large so mega diversity means a large number and wide range of species present in an ecosystem. As India is very rich in the diversity of plants and animals, so it is called as mega diversity centre .

How is India one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries in the world justify the statement?

India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.

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How can you say that India is one of the major biodiversity of the world by Brainly in?

Explanation: India is said to be one of the major bio-diverse countries in world because of the large number of flora and fauna species found in the country. EXPLANATION: A country is said to be a bio-diverse country when a “large number of flora and fauna species” are found there.

Why India has huge diversity in flora and fauna give two reasons?

This Diversity is due to the fact the in India almost every different place has a different climate condition. The temperature, soil, humidity level, all these are different in different places and as a result, the plants and animals have the huge diversity.

What is importance of biodiversity?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

What are different types of biodiversity in India?

Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).

  • Genetic Diversity. …
  • Species Diversity. …
  • Ecological Diversity. …
  • Biodiversity Agreements. …
  • Human Impact. …
  • Conservation.

How many biodiversity centers are there in the world?

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …

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