➢ The Himalayas act as a climatic divide between India and Central Asia. During winter, Himalayas protect India from cold and dry air masses of Central Asia . During monsoon months these mountain ranges act as an effective physical barrier for rain bearing south-west monsoon winds.
How does the Himalayas and Indian Ocean affect the climate of India?
The Indian Ocean and the Himalayas play a major role in affecting the monsoon and climate of India. The Himalayas protect India from bitterly cold winds that blow from the north. Thus, India does not experience severe cold during winter. … At the same time, the high-pressure belt is developed over the Indian Ocean.
How do the Himalayas act as a climate?
The Himalayas act as a barrier to cold winds that blow from central Asia and thus prevent the Northern Plains from becoming freezing cold. The Himalayas act as a barrier to moisture laden South West monsoon winds. When these winds strike the mountain, they cause rainfall in the Northern plains.
What are the factors affecting the India’s climate?
Factors Influencing Indian Climate
- Latitudinal location.
- Distance from the Sea.
- The Himalayas.
- Monsoon Winds.
- Upper Air Circulation.
- El Nino and La Nina.
- Tropical Cyclones and Western Disturbances.
How does Indian Ocean influence the climate of India?
The Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, exert moderating influence on the climatic conditions. These water bodies provide much needed moisture to the summer monsoons, which provide heavy rainfall. Moreover, the climate of the coastal areas is also modified by the influence of these water bodies.
What is the role of the Himalaya Mountains in producing the Indian monsoons?
Winter monsoons are less powerful than summer monsoons in Southeast Asia, in part because the Himalaya Mountains prevent much of the wind and moisture of the monsoons from reaching the coast.
What is the impact of the Himalayas on the climate of India Class 9?
The Himalayas play a very important role in influencing the climate of India. India is a monsoon land only because of the presence of Himalayas. It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain.
Why Himalayas is called a climate divide?
Answer: Himalayas is free from sub zero temperatures as it stops the dry and cold arctic winds from entering in India . It also blocks the south westerly monsoon winds from escaping through India. Thus, asim a result India gets sufficient rainfall. So, it is called a climatic divide.
Why is Himalayas called the climatic barrier?
Answer: The Himalayas act as a natural barrier between two climatic regions, India and Central Asia. The Himalayas prevent the cold and dry winds of Central Asia from entering into India. The Himalayas also act as physical barrier for rain bearing south-west monsoon winds to cross the northern frontiers of India.
What are the controls affecting India’s climate?
Complete answer: The six controls that affect the climate of India are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, ocean currents, distance from the sea and relief features.
How latitude affect India’s climate?
The latitudes near the equator receives sun heat quickly than latitudes far from the equator. So the latitudes near the equator experience hot temperature and latitudes far from the equator (poles) experience cool temperature.
What type of climate prevails in India?
The type of climate that prevails over India is Tropical monsoon type of climate. It is because India lies in the tropical belt and the climate is influenced by the monsoon winds which are confined to the Tropics.
What are the factors that affect the climate of India Class 9?
Class 9 Climate: Factors Affecting the Climate of India
- Latitude. …
- Altitude. …
- Pressure and Winds. …
- Hot Weather Season (Summer) …
- Cold Weather Season (Winter) …
- Advancing Monsoon (Rainy) …
- Retreating/Post-Monsoon Season (Transition Season) …