The epipelagic zone extends from the surface to 200m down. It receives plenty of sunlight and therefore contains the most biodiversity in the ocean.
Which part of the ocean has the most biodiversity?
The ocean contains a wealth of biodiversity, and most of this diversity lives in the sunlit area called the euphotic zone (see Distribution of Life, page 45, for more information).
Does the ocean have the most biodiversity?
The world’s oceans contain somewhere between 500,000 and 10 million marine species. bacteria, other microbes and viruses. Much of the biodiversity in the ocean, particularly in the deep sea and in the microbial ocean, is unknown, and up to 2,000 new species are described per year.
What is the biodiversity in the Pacific ocean?
The ocean provides: Pacific Ocean biodiversity feeds us and the world: 70% of the global fish catch is from the Pacific! The ocean supports: without coral reefs, our island shores would wash away. The Pacific has the most coral reef species in the world.
What is ocean biodiversity?
Marine biodiversity therefore refers to the species richness and abundance in the world’s oceans and seas. And since the world is covered with approximately 70% water, the amount of life in the oceans is enormous. … Protection of water resources (e.g. Mangrove forests trap silt)
How much biodiversity is in the oceans?
Oceans cover 70% of our planet and represent over 95% of the biosphere.
Where is the most biodiversity found on Earth?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which ocean zone has the least biodiversity?
The arctic regions of the world have the least biodiversity because plants don’t survive in the extreme cold and ice that cover these regions year-round.