Physical Characteristics – Density, Moisture Content. Chemical Characteristics – Lipids , Carbohydrates, Proteins, Natural Fibers, Synthetic Organic Materials. Density: … Efficient operation of landfill requires compaction of wastes to optimum density.
What are the physical properties of solid waste?
The following physical characteristics are to be studied in detail.
- Density. …
- Moisture content. …
- Size of Waste constituents. …
- Calorific Value. …
- Field capacity. …
- Permeability of compacted wastes. …
- Compressibility. …
- Chemical characteristics.
What are the chemical properties of solid waste?
The chemical properties of solid waste are composed of moisture content, volatile solid, ash content, CHNSO contents, calorific value and heavy metal.
What are the physical and chemical composition of solid waste?
The solid waste was found to consist of glass (9.59%), metal (2.74%), paper (25.83%), plastics (3.87%), compostable organic matter (57.48%), WEEE (0.22%) and other waste (0.27%) (Yusuff, et al., 2014). (Titien, et al., 2013) reported that domestic solid waste generally comprises of a minimum of 75% organic matter.
What is classified as solid chemical waste?
RCRA states that “solid waste” means any garbage or refuse, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities.
Which of the following are the characteristics properties of waste?
Characteristic wastes are wastes that exhibit any one or more of the following characteristic properties: ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity or toxicity.
What is biological characteristics of solid waste?
➢ The most important biological characteristic of the organic fraction of MSW is that almost all the organic components can be converted biologically to gases and relatively inert organic and inorganic solids.
What is sampling of solid waste?
The individual components are separated, stored in bins and weighed. The weights are then expressed as a percent of the original sample. The density of the material is measured. The physical analysis is on a wet weight basis which helps in choosing the system for collection and processing.
What are the geotechnical properties of solid waste?
Geotechnical properties of MSW, such as composition, unit weight, hydraulic conductivity, shear strength, and compressibility, are essential for landfill design. Landva and Clark (1990) were the pioneers to study the geotechnical properties of MSW.
What are the examples of solid waste?
Examples of solid wastes include the following materials when discarded:
- waste tires.
- scrap metal.
- latex paints.
- furniture and toys.
- appliances and vehicles.
- oil and anti-freeze.
What are the solid waste components?
The major components of MSW are food waste, paper, plastic, rags, metal, and glass, although demolition and construction debris is often included in collected waste, as are small quantities of hazardous waste, such as electric light bulbs, batteries, automotive parts, and discarded medicines and chemicals.
What are solid chemicals?
Solid chemicals are small and compact, and so take up much less space than traditional liquid chemicals. They also weigh less, reduce transportation costs and don’t have the same hazard risks. Use solid chemicals from Western – The clean and safe option!
What is an example of chemical waste?
Examples of Chemical Waste include, but are not limited to: Unused and surplus reagent grade chemicals. Intermediates and by-products generated from research & educational experiments. Batteries.
How is chemical waste disposed?
Chemical waste is regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) through the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). It cannot be disposed of in regular trash or in the sewer system. Most chemical wastes must be disposed of through the EHS Hazardous Waste Program.